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Question Book 



BY 



MAMIE C. TEX 

ON 



Eighth Year History. 
Eighth Year Grammar. 
Eighth Year Physiology. 
Eighth Year Geography. 



This Question Book is espe- 
cially designed for the topics 
called for in the Sixth Revision 
Illinois State Course of Study. 

Answers to these questions can 
be found by using the books pre- 
pared by Mamie C. Tex. 

The' work can be made much 
easier by having each pupil own 
one of these question books. 



Price 45 Cents. 

Send* all orders to 

MAMIE C. TEX, Taylorville, Illinois 



Copyright 1918, by Mamie C. Tex 



Question Book 



BY 



MAMIE C. TEX 

ON 



Eighth Year History. 
Eighth Year Grammar. 
Eighth Year Physiology. 
Eighth Year Geography. 



This Question Book is espe- 
cially designed for the topics 
called for in the Sixth Revision 
Illinois State Course of Study. 

Answers to these questions can 
be found by using the books pre- 
pared by Mamie C. Tex. 

The work can be made much 
easier by having each pupil own 
one of these question books. 



Price 45 Cents. 



Send" all orders to 

MAMIE C. TEX, TaylorviUe, Illinois 




)Cl,A50tl^t 



NOV II 1918 






HISTORY. 



QUESTIONS ON HISTORY— FIRST MONTH— EIGHTH 

YEAR. 

1. Give the time of Jefferson's administration. 

2. Who were candidates on the Eepublican ticket and who 
were on the Federalist? 

3. What provision was made by the Constitution at that 
time for president? 

4. Give the result of this election and tell how Jefferson 
and Burr were finally chosen. 

5. At what place did Jefferson begin his term, and name 
several important events of his term. 

6. Give a full account of Jefferson's idea of popular gov- 
ernment. 

7. Give Jefferson's idea of social etiquette of officials. 

8. Tell how much money had been spent for running ex- 
penses of the government under Jefferson's predecessor. 

9. Give an account of how Jefferson reduced the expenses 
of the government. 

10. Tell how Jefferson's Secretary of Treasury worked out a 
scheme to reduce the national debt. 

11. How much was the national debt reduced? 

12. How had the Federalists tried to reduce the debt left 
on us by the French wars, and how did these methods suit the 
people ? 

13. How did Jefferson resolve to pay the debts left by the 
French wars ? 

14. What was Jefferson's policy in regard to the army and 
navy? 

15. Tell about the purchase of Louisiana under the follow- 
ing heads: when purchased, why France would sell, why we 
wanted to buy it, the price, extent of Louisiana at that time, also 
geographical characteristics. 

16. Name the states included in the Louisiana Purchase. 

17. Why were Lewis and Clark sent to explore and how 
long were they gone? 

18. Give the results of the explorations of Lewis and Clark. 



4 HISTORY. 

19. Give the route of the travel of L^ewis and Clark and tell 
how they were guided. 

20. Tell about Lieutenant Pike's explorations. 

21. Who invented the first steam boat and when? 

22. Tell about the advantage of the steamboat over the sail- 
ing vessels. 

23. Tell how Fulton's invention grew and what it did for 
the West. 

24. What was the name of the first steamboat and where was 
its first voyage? 

25. Tell about the trouble between England and France and 
how the United States became involved. 

26. What was done by England in 1805 in regard to United 
States vessels carrying French cargoes, and how did United States 
suffer ? 

27. Tell how United States tried to "get even/' and give 
the result. 

28. Tell how England and France tried to injure each other. 
Who really suffered? 

29. How did Napoleon try to injure England, and how did 
England retaliate? 

30. Explain fully the British Orders in Council, and the 
Milan Decree. 

31. Explain how the United States suffered by the British 
Orders in Council and the Milan Decree. 

32. Tell hoAv the blockades affected our commerce. 

33. Give an account of the British impressment of our 
sailors. 

34. As Jefferson was a firm believer in peace, tell how he 
thought the Embargo Act would settle the trouble. 

35. Give the result of the Embargo Act and the passage of 
the Non-Intercourse Act. 

36. Give the time of the administration of James Madison. 

37. What office was held by Madison under Jefferson? 

38. Explain how Madison tried to carry out Jefferson's peace 
policy and what was the result? 

39. What was the Macon Bill No. 2 ? 

40. What was the Non-Important Act? 

41. Who were the young Eepublicans in Congress? 

42. How did the leaders of the war party in Congress feel 
about the peace policy? 

43. Tell how Clay became Speaker of the House. 

44. How influential were Clav and Calhoun? 



HISTORY. 5 

45. Why did we go to war with England instead of France 
when France had committed as many depredations on our eom- 
merce as England had? 

46. Give the leading causes of the war of 1812, and by what 
other names is this war known? 

47. Who had the advantage of the military strength at the 
beginning of the War of 1812? 

48. Compare the army and navy of the United States with 
that of Great Britain. 

49. What was our first step in the War with England? 

50. Give an account of General William Hull and his sur- 
render. 

51. What was the result of the surrender of Hull? 

52. Give an account of Harrison in the battle of the Thames. 

53. Wliat was the advantage of Perry's victory on Lake Erie ? 

54. Give an account of the leaders of the campaign of 1814. 

55. Give an account of the poor management of the war by 
the American Government. 

56. Tell how the British ravaged our coast south of the 
New England States. 

57. Tell about the burning of Washington. 

58. Give an account of the British campaign on the lower 
Mississippi, and what was the object of it? 

59. Give an account of Jackson's victory at New Orleans, 
and when M^as it fought? 

60. Why was the battle of New Orleans fought after the 
treaty of peace was signed, and why was this a great victory for 
the Americans? 

61. Make a list of the American ships and opposite each 
the British ship with which it was engaged and tell which was 
successful; also make a list of our defeats. 

62. Give a full account of Perry's victory and what did 
United States gain by this? 

63. Tell how the American privateers preyed upon the 
British commerce. 

64. How did the privateers help to end the war? 

65. What is a privateer? 

66. Tell how the British blockaded our coast. 

67. Why was the Second War with England unpopular in 
New England? 

68. Tell about the Hartford Convention and why was it held ? 

69. What was the result of the Hartford Convention? 

70. Why did Russia offer herself a mediator between England 
and America? ' 



6 HISTORY. 

71. What steps were taken by President Madison in regard 
to liussia^s oiler to be a peacemaker, and how did England feel 
about this? 

72. Give the provisions of the treaty of peace. 

73. What can be said in regard to the treaty of peace, and 
Engiand^s so called '"right of search"? 

74. Give the effects of the War of 1812. 

75. What effect did the close of war between England and 
France in Europe have upon the War of 1812 in United States? 

76. How has Germany tried to break the freedom of the seas? 

77. Give the effects of the war between England and France 
in Europe upon the United States. 

78. Tell how our commerce and shipping was injured and our 
manufacturing increased. 

79. Tell why the New England people wanted a tariff, and 
what was the object of this tariff? 

80. When was the first United States Bank chartered and 
how long was it to continue? 

81. What was the capital of the First United States Bank? 

82. Tell when the charter of the First United States Bank 
expired and how the charter to renew it was defeated? 

83. Why, when, and for how long was the Second United 
States Bank chartered? 

84. What was the capital of the Second United States Bank ? 

85. Where was the headquarters of the Second United States 
Bank? 

86. Tell how the bank question was finally drawn into pol- 
itics. 

87. Compare the Second United States Bank with the First 
United States Bank. 

iSToTE. — When the pupils have gone over this month's work by 
the question method, have them review it and recite by the topic- 
method. 



QUESTIONS ON HISTORY— SECOND MONTH— EIGHTH 

YEAR. 

1. Tell about the movement of the people to the West about 
the time of the War of 1812. 

2. What need was felt as the people moved further west ? 

3. Tell about the "backwoodsmen" and what became of them 
as the people migrated west and began their settlements? 



men 



•? 



HISTORY. 7 

4. What finally became of the successors of the backwoods- 



5. Tell about the movement of the people of the New En- 
gland States. 

6. Who settled the region north of the Ohio? 

T. To what states did the people from Georgia and South 
Carolina move? 

8. Tell about the roads at this period of our history. 

9. How were passengers and freight managed? 

10. When was our first nation road begun and how did Con- 
gress give aid to this? 

11. From where to where was the first national road and 
tell how it was finally extended further west? 

12. Tell how the first national road was finally turned over to 
the states through which it passes. 

13. What were three great benefits of internal improvements ? 

14. Tell how the Ohio and Mississippi rivers were used as 
highways. 

15. Tell how river traffic increased after the invention of ;the 
steamboat. 

16. Name several river towns that w^ere prosperous in the 
West. 

17. What two things greatly aided the settlement of the West ?■ 

18. Give the time of Monroe's administration. 

19. Tell about the popularity of Monroe. 

20. Tell why Monroe made a tour of the New England States. 

21. Why is the period of Monroe's administration called the 
"era of good feeling?'' 

22. Tell about Monroe's second election. 

23. Why did the people move westward after the close of the 
War of 1812 ? 

24. Tell about the principal routes of travel. 

25. How did the earliest settlers get to the West? 

26. What can be said abdut the macadamized roads also the 
turnpikes ? 

27. What state built the Erie Canal and during whose ad- 
ministration ? 

28. Who was the leading man connected with the Erie Canal ? 

29. How much did the Erie Canal cost, how long is it, and 
what does it connect? 

30. How did the Erie Canal benefit the West? 

31. Turn to your map and trace the Erie Canal. 



8 HISTORY. 

32. What caused the building of the National or Cumber- 
land road? 

33. Turn to your map and trace the National road. 

34. Who finally owned the National road? 

35. Tell how the government of a territory is organized. 

36. Why is there a close connection between the government 
of a territory with that of a state? 

37. Under whose control is the government of a territory? 

38. Who is the executive officer of a territory and for how 
long is he appointed? 

39. Tell about the legislature of a territory. 

40. What about the rights of a territory in national elections ? 

41. Of what does the judicial department of a territory con- 
sist? 

42. How is the United States District Attorney and a United 
States Marshal appointed? 

43. What power does a territorial legislature have? 

44. Explain how Illinois came under the Ordinance of 1787. 

45. Who was the first governor and where was the seat of 
government of the Northwest Territory? 

46. Tell about the organization of the county of St. Clair. 

47. How much country was included m the county of St. 
Clair? 

48. What officers looked after the needs of the people in St. 
Clair County? 

49. When was the territory of Illinois separated from the ter- 
ritory of Indiana? 

50. Who was the first governor of the Illinois territory? 

51. What states furnished a great many settlers for the 
Illinois Territory? 

52. When did Illinois become a state and how many counties 
then, and how many now? 

53. Under the Ordinance, what population was necessary be- 
fore a territory could become a state? 

54. Explain how Illinois was admitted as a state with 40,000 
population. 

55. Who was Nathaniel Pope and what valuable service did 
he render in regard to the northern boundary of Illinois? 

56. Tell about the first Constitution of Illinois. 

57. What were the first elective officers under the first Con- 
stitution ? 

58. What about the later Constitutions of Illinois? 

59. Tell about slavery in the Southern states. 



HISTORY. 9 

60. What about slavery in the states carved out of the 
Northwest Territory or the territory north of the Ohio ? 

61. What about slavery in 1819 ? 

62. Explain why slavery became a sectional issue. 

63. Who introduced slavery into Illinois? 

64. What did Article six of the Ordinance of 1787 say in 
regard to slavery? 

65. Tell about the attempts made to do away with Article 
six of the Ordinance. How would this have affected Illinois? 

66. ^Nh.y was there a dispute in Congress when Misscjri 
wanted to come into the Union? 

67. What about the admission of Maine into the Union? 

68. What was the Missouri Compromise^ and when was it 
passed ? 

69. To whom did Florida belong and how was it governed? 

70. Tell about the disturbances caused by the people of 
Florida. 

71. Give an account of the hostilities caused by the Seminole 
Indians. 

72. Tell about the work of General Jackson. 

73. Who finally purchased Florida, when, and for what sum? 
14. Give the extent of Spanish Colonies in America after 

Spain sold Florida. 

75. Tell how the Spanish colonies one by one threw off the 
yoke of Spain. 

76. Give an account of Napoleon's invasion of Spain and the 
result. 

77. What change took place in the Spanish colonies when 
Napoleon was sent to St. Helena ? 

78. How did many of the South American colonies secure 
their independence? 

79. What was the Holy Alliance and what was its object? 

80. Tell how Spain tried to secure aid through the Holy 
Alliance and what was the result? 

81. What was England's object in asking the United States 
to join with her against the action of European powers in trying 
to subjugate the American colonies? 

82. Tell about the independence of the Spanish colonies. 

83. How did the action of the Spanish coloni-es alarm En- 
gland ? 

84. Tell how England called upon us for aid. 

85. Give a full account of the Monroe Doctrine. 

86. Who were the candidates in the election of 1824? 



10 HISTORY. 

87. Tell how this election was more of a personal than a 
party contest. 

88. Tell about the amount of votes received by Jackson. 

89. Tell how the election of 1824 was completed in the House 
of Eepresentatives. 

90. Tell how Jackson may have been mistaken in his opinion 
of the election of 1824, also how there was a charge of corrupt 
bargain. 

91. Give the length of the term of John Quincy Adams. 

92. Tell about the qualifications of John Quincy Adams. 

93. Give an account of the unfortunate administration of 
John Quincy Adams. 

94. Tell about the completion of the Erie Canal. 

95. Give the extent of the Erie Canal. 

96. Give at least four benefits of the Erie Canal. 

97. Give the policy of President Adams in regard to the 
tariff and internal improvements. 

98. Tell about the high tariff bill which President Adams 
signed. 

99. Tell how this tariff bill of 1828 suited the people. 

100. Give an account of the presidential election of 1828. 

101. Give an account of Andrew Jackson. 

102. Tell how Jackson had proved himself to be a born leader 
of meU;, and what valuable service he had rendered his country. 

103. Tell how candidates for the presidency were chosen up to 
1832, then how they were chosen after that date. 

104. Give the length of Andrew Jackson^s term as president. 

105. Tell about the new Democratic era under President Jack- 
son. 

106. Describe the personality of Andrew Jackson. 

107. Give an account of the difference in views of the people 
in the East and West in regard to Jackson as a president. 

108. Tell how Jackson treated officers under him when they 
disagreed with his ideas. 

109. Compare the number of officials removed by Jackson with 
those removed by all other presidents. 

110. Tell about the tariffs of 1789, 1791, 1816, 1828, and 1832. 

111. How was the trouble between the North and South over 
the tariff questioned compromised? 

112. Tell how the anti-slavery people kept up the agitation 
against slavery. 

113. Give an account of Elijah Love joy and the attempt of the 
pro-slavery people to stop anti-slavery documents from the mails. 



HISTORY. 11 

114. Who was Hayne and what were his ideas? 

115. Who was Daniel Webster and what were his ideas? 

116. What effect did Webster's speech have upon the Union? 

117. How did the people of the South feel about the tariff, 
and what about South Carolina and nullification? 

118. Tell about the compromise tariff' of 1832. 

119. What did Jackson think about the United States bank 
and what were his determinations? 

120. When the United States bank failed to be rechartered, 
what was done with the government money that had been placed 
in it? 

121. What was the effect of Jackson's policy in regard to the 
United States Bank? 

122. Tell about Jackson's ^'specie circular" and what was the 
result ? 

123. What was Van Buren's Sub-Treasury System? 

124. Where is the chief treasury and where are the sub- 
treasuries ? 

125. When only was money to be paid out by the officers of 
these treasuries? 

126. Give the extent of the first freight and passenger railroad 
in the United States. 

127. Tell how Charles Carroll began the first railroad, and 
how important did he consider his work. 

128. Tell about Peter Cooper. 

129. Speak of the importance of the railroads to the West. 

130. What about the amount of railroads in our country? 

131. Who formed the New York Central and how? 

132. Grive an account of the Pennsylvania Eailroad and its 
monopoly. 

133. Tell about the first road through Northern Illinois. 

134. W^hat about the rapid increase in the settlement of the 
Mississippi Valley and where did the first settlements spring up? 

135. Tell about the rapid growth of the country during Jack- 
son's presidency. 

136. Where were the leading manufacturing regions of the 
United States, and how did the War of 1812 cause manufacturing 
to increase? 

137. Tell about the rapid growth of the cities due to manu- 
facturing. 

138. Give an account of Samuel Slater and his cotton and 
woolen mills. 



12 HISTORY. 

139. Tell how we were still an agricultural nation at the be- 
ginning of last century. ' 

140. Tell about the cotton mills in 1804, 1807, 1811, 1815. 

141. Who was Francis Lowell? 

142. Tell about the success of the power looms. 

143. Compare our manufactures in 1810 with those of 1815. 

144. What retarded the wool manufacturing? 

145. How had the manufacture of wool grown by 1828 ? 

146. Tell about the enthusiasm for internal improvement 
schemes by the states. 

147. Name the leading canals of Illinois. 

148. Give a full account of the Chicago-Michigan Canal, and 
its importance. 

149. Give a full account of the Chicago Drainage Canal, also 
the Hennepin Canal. 

Note. — Review the questions on the first month's work. 

» 

QUESTIONS ON HISTORY— THIRD MONTH— EIGHTH 

YEAR. 

1. Give the time of Van Buren^s administration. 

2. How was Van Buren^s vice-president chosen? 

3. Explain the causes of the panic of 1837. 

4. What question again came up during Van Buren's presi- 
dency in regard to banks? 

5. Explain fully Van Buren's Sub-Treasury System. 

6. Tell about the "Log Cabin Campaign^' of 1840. 

7. How many votes were received by Van Buren and how 
many by Harrison? 

8. What name was now given to the National Democrats 
and for what did that name stand? 

9. Give the length of Harrison and Tyler's administration. 

10. Give the condition of the country when Harrison became 
president and, how he planned to solve his trouble when he died. 

11. Who succeeded Harrison? 

12. Tell about Harrison's death. 

13. Give an account of Tyler's opposition to the policies of 
the Whig party. 

14. Who was Clay and why did he resign? 

15. Tell about the Webster- Ashburton treaty and the im- 
portant question it settled. 

16. Tell about the antislavery movement in the North. 

17. Tell about William Lloyd Garrison and his "Liberator." 



HISTORY. 13 

18. Of what organizations was he the leader? 

19. Tell about the opposition to Garrison's theories. 

20. Who was E. P. Lovejoy and what about his paper? 

21. Speak of the troubles of Lovejoy in Alton. 

22. Tell about the death of Lovejoy. 

23. What about the slavery sentiment in Illinois at this 
time? 

24. How has the city of Alton and our state honored Love- 
joy? 

25. What office was held by John Quincy Adams after his 

retirement from the presidency ? 

26. Tell how he defended the people's rights in regard to 
petitions. 

27. What about John Quincy Adams as an abolitionist? 

28. How did Adams feel towards the pro-slavery people 
when they attempted to refuse the right of petition? 

29. Tell how the pro-slavery people tried to rid the House 
of him. 

30. What right in regard to slavery did Congress have a» 
John Quincy Adams saw the matter? 

31. What finally became of the pro-slavery policy? 

32. What important subject did the expansion to the west 
bring about? 

33. What is meant by the Oregon territory? 

34. Upon what did the United States base her claim to the 
Oregon territory? 

35. Why did England claim the Oregon territory? 

36. How did United States and England compromise their 
claims to the Oregon territory in 1818? 

37. Tell about the rapid settlement of the Oregon territory, 
and what trouble again came up between Great Britain and the 
United States? 

38. How was the Oregon trouble settled and what did the 
United States obtain and what did England obtain? 

39. Name the states which have been carved out of the terri- 
tory which we obtained. 

40. Tell how Texas became a part of the Eepublic of Mexico. 

41. Give a full account of Stephen A. Austin and the trouble 
he had in regard to slavery. 

42. Why did Mexico refuse to allow American migration to 
Texas while it was still a part of Mexico? 

43. Tell how John Quincy Adams and Andrew Jackson tried 
to buy Texas. 



14 HISTORY. 

44. Tell about the revolt iii Texas and the later establish- 
ment of a republic. 

45. When did Texas gain her independence and why did she 
want to be admitted to our union? 

46. Why would the admission ot Texas bring again an angry 
discussion between the North and the South? i 

47. What were the two leading questions which came up in 
the election of 1844? 

48. What probably caused the defeat of Henry Clay for 
president ? 

49. Tell about the annexation of Texas before Congress. 

50. When was Texas annexed? 

51. Tell about the election of Polk. 

52. Tell how the Oregon boundary was finally settled and 
what part each country took. 

53. Tell about the Texas boundary in dispute and refer to 
your map and find the disputed territory. 

54. When w^as the war with Mexico? 

55. When did the United States declare war and when did 
Mexico declare Avar? 

56. What were the two causes of the war with Mexico? 

57. Who was the leading American general, and the leading 
British general? 

58. Where was the treaty of peace signed and when? 

59. With a map before you, tell about the campaigns of 
General Taylor and General Scott. 

60. What M^as General Kearney trying to do and what about 
the success of his work? 

61. Tell how we obtained possession of California. 

62. What valuable service was rendered by John C. Fremont? 

63. Give in full the provisions of the treaty of peace which 
closed the Mexican war. 

64. What territory did the United States gain by the Mexi- 
can war? 

65. What was the Gadsden Purchase and why was it neces- 
sary? 

66. Who was David Wilmot and what was his proviso? 

67. What effect did the failure of his bill to become a law 
liave upon the territory which we acquired from Mexico? 

, 68. When and by whom was gold discovered in California? 

69. What effect did the disco ven^ of gold have upon Cali- 
fornia ? 

70. What can be said in regard to California as a territory? 



HISTORY. ■ 15' 

71. What can be said about the character of the settlers of 
California and what were the Vigilance Committees ? 

72. Who were the forty-niners? 

73. Give the length of Taylor's and Fillmore's administraT- 
tion and who was Taylor? 

74. Tell how the slavery question came up with the annexa- 
tion of Texas. 

75. Give the problems which came up before Congress in 
1849-1850. 

76. Tell about the difference of opinion between the North 
and South in regard to the problems which came before Congress 
in 1849-1850. 

77. Give in full the compromise of 1850. 

78. What was thought for a time about the compromise of 
1850? 

79. What was the fugitive slave law, and why did the North 
object to it? 

80. What were the ^'personal liberty bills''? 

81. What was the "underground railroad"? 

82. What about the great leaders of our country in 1850, 
and give the ideas of these men; be sure to understand Webster^s 
Seventh of March speech? 

83. In what year did Calhoun die? 

84. When did Webster and Clay die? 

85. After the death of Calhoun Clay, and Webster, who be- 
came the new leaders? 

86. Why did the industrial development of the North excel 
that of the South? 

87. Which section was benefited by the cotton gin? 

88. Name some inventions beneficial to both sections. 

89. When and by whom was the sewing machines invented? 

90. When and by whom was the reaper invented ? 

91. Give the benefits of the reaper. 

92. Who invented the telegraph, and what improvement was 
the second over the first? 

93. Tell how Congress aided Morse. 

94. Where was the first telegraph line and what was the first 
message sent over it? 

95. Why is the telegraph important to us? 

96. What is wireless telegraph and who invented it? 

97. Give an account of railroad building in the United States 
at this period. 

98. Tell about the steamboat on the western waters, and how 
it was an aid in transportation. 



16 HISTORY. 

99. What caused aii increase in manufacturing especially in 
the ^ew England States? 

100. Name some of the leading manufactured articles of this 
period. 

101. What about manufactures in the South? 

102. What can be said about agriculture in the West, and 
what invention aided agriculture ? 

103. What were the benefits of ^the excellent transportation 
facilities ? 

104. What was the result of the famine in Ireland upon United 
States ? 

105. W^hat caused the German immigration to America? 

106. By figures, give an idea of the rise of immigration. 

jSTote. — After this month's work lias been gone over by the 
question metliod, have the pupils revieiu it and recite by the topic 
method. 

QUESTIONS ON HISTORY— FOURTH MONTH- 
EIGHTH YEAR. 

1. Give the time of Franklin Piercers administration. 

2. Who were the candidates for President and Vice Presi- 
dent on the Democratic side in the election of 1852? 

3. Who were the candidates on the Whig ticket and which 
party was successful? 

4. What caused many of the Whigs to vote the Democratic 
ticket ? 

5. What was the Kansas-Xebraska Bill, and who was the 
author of it? 

6. What were the terms of the Kansas-Nebraska Bill? 

7. Why did the northern people not like the Kansas- 
Nebraska Bill, and what effect did this bill have upon the Missouri 
Compromise ? 

8. Be sure you can give Douglas's reasons for wanting the 
Kansas-Nebraska Bill. 

9. When did the Kansas-Nebraska Bill become a law? 

10. Give an account of the struggle for the possession of 
Kansas. 

11. Where did the southern people have their headquarters? 

12. Where did the northern people have their headquarters? 

13. Tell about the constitutions of the pro-slavery people also 
the constitutions of the anti-slavery people. 



HISTORY. 17 

14. Tell about the important election of members to the legis- 
lature in March, 1854. 

15. Tell about the unfair means used by the pro-slavery 
people. 

16. When did Kansas finally come into the Union and how? 

17. Tell how the pres-ent Eepublican party really sprang 
from eleven editors. 

18. Tell about Lincoln^s speech at the Bloomington meeting. 

19. What people made up the Republican party, and what 
was the first name of this party ? 

20. Why did they choose an entirely new name, and why was 
the name Eepublican a fortunate choice ? 

21. Tell how this party grew during the first year of its 
existence. 

22. Give the platform of the Republican party. 

23. Give the result of the election of 1856. 

24. Give the length of Buchanan^s administration. 

25. Who was Dred Scott? 

26. Tell how Dred Scott had moved from one place to another 
and was finally sold to a new^ master. 

27. On what grounds did Scott sue for his freedom? 

28. Tell how this case was finally carried through the lower 
courts then into the Supreme Court. 

29. Give the decision of the Supreme Court. 

30. Tell why this decision pleased the South and was greatly 
opposed by the North. 

31. What office was Lincoln seeking, on what ticket, and who 
opposed him? 

32. Tell about Lincohi's speech in Springfield and what did 
it mean? . 

33. How did Douglas reply to Lincoln's speech? 

34. Tell how Lincoln challenged Douglas to debate with him. 

35. Where were the debates to be held and what were the 
questions discussed ? 

36. How did the people of Illinois feel about the debates and 
what was the result of the election? 

37. What was the Freeport Doctrine and how did it affect the 
Dred Scott ' decision ? 

38. Account for the defeat of Douglas in the presidential 
•election. 

39. Speak of the popularity of Lincoln. 

40. What political parties took part in the election of 1860 ? 



18 HISTORY. 

41. Give the platform of the Republican party and give the 
candidates of this party. 

4:2. Tell about the split in the Democratic party, give the 
platform of each wing and the candidates of each. 

43. What made up the Constitutional Union party? 

44. Give the platform also the candidates of the Constitu- 
tional Union party. 

45. Give the result of the election of 1860. 

46. How did the South feel about the result of the election 
of 1860? 

47. Give five reasons why the South thought they had a rea- 
son to secede. 

48. How did Lincoln reply to the South^s arguments in favor 
of secession? 

49. What were the two alleged causes for secession? 

50. Why were the personal liberty bills opposed by the South ? 

51. Explain why the South had no grounds whatever to jus- 
tify the assertion that "since the election of Lincoln slavery was 
sure to be excluded from the territories." 

52. What was the real cause for secession? 

53. What was used for the model for the Confederate Con- 
stitution ? 

54. What w^as the difference between the United States Con- 
stitution and the Confederate Constitution? 

55. Give Lincoln's views as to slavery in a state, in a territory 
and the right of a state of secede as given in his inaugural address. 

56. Where is Ft. Sumter and who held it? 

57. Tell how President Lincoln tried to relieve Major An- 
derson and what was the result? 

58. Tell about Lincoln's call for troops and what was the 
response ? 

59. Tell about President Davis's call for troops and what was 
the response? 

60. How many states in our Union in 1860 and how many 
were free and how many slave? 

61. Compare the population of the free states with the popu- 
lation of the slave states, and account for the greater population 
being in the North. 

62. What three classes of people made up the population of 
the South and what were the leading crops of this section ? -Com- 
pare with the North. 

63. What was the population in the seceded states also the 
population in the loyal states in 1861 ? 



HISTORY. 19 

64. Compare the wealth of the North and South. 

65. Which section had the best officers? 

66. Compare the North and South in regard to education. 

67. Which section had the most men to draw from ? 

68. Why was the South better prepared for war than the 
North? 

69. Compare the North and South in area of land. 

70. Compare the North and South in transportation facil- 
ities. 

71. Give the four general lines of attack by the North. 

72. Tell why Lincoln declared the South in a state of 
blockade. 

73. What was one of the objects in the campaigns of the 
North and South? 

74. Tell about the Union advance on Eichmond under 
McClellan, and what was the result? 

75. What was one of the early coast battles? 

76. When was the battle of Bull Eun? 

77. Locate Bull Eun on your map. 

78. Where was the Union army stationed and where was it 
intending to make an attack? 

79. Where was the Southern army at this time, and who were 
its leaders? 

80. What place was the Southern army anxious to attack? 

81. Where did the two armies meet? 

82. Tell about the battle of Bull Eun. 

83. Which army was defeated and what valuable lesson did 
it teach the North? 

84. Why did the battle of Bull Eun do the South more harm 
than good? 

85. What can be said about the activity along the coast after 
the battle of Bull Eun? 

86. Who had charge of the Union army? 

87. Tell about the advance of McClellan on Eichmond and 
his plan for moving his troops. 

88. What were the great objections to McClellan's plans? 

89. What order was sent to McClellan from Stanton, Secre- 
tary of War? 

90. What did McClellan do with the remainder of his army? 

91. Tell how McClellan followed the confederates and about 
the dangerous position he got into. 

92. Tell about the battle of Fair Oaks and the result. 



20 HISTORY. 

93. What happened to Joseph E. Johnson and who took his 
place ? 

94. Tell about the Seven Days' Battles and give the result. 

95. To what place did McClellan move, and what was the 
result of his advance on Kichmond? 

96. Give an account of how Lee tried to take Washington 
and how he was met by Pope on the old Bull Kun battlefield. 

97. Give the result of the Second Battle of Bull Kun. 

98. What became of Pope and his army? 

99. Tell how Lee tried to win the state of Maryland for the 
Confederates. 

100. Tell how Lee and Jackson took Frederick and give their 
intentions after this capture. 

101. Tell about the poem ''Barbara Frietchie." 
.102. Tell about the battle of Antietam. 

103. Who was successful in the battle of Antietam and give 
the loss in this battle. 

104. What became of Lee after the battle of Antietam, and 
who was ordered to follow him? 

105. Why was McClellan removed from command and who 
became his successor? 

106. Tell how Burnside made a third advance on Richmond, 
and who was defeated? Use your map. 

107. What happened to Burnside and who took his place? 

108. Tell how Hooker thought he would reach Richmond. 

109. Tell about the battle of Chancellorsville and who was 
defeated ? 

110. Why was this a sad battle for the Confederates and what 
probably caused the defeat of the Union army? 

111. After Lee was successful in the battle of Chancellors- 
ville, what did he resolve to do? 

112. Tell how Lee advanced into the Northern states and how 
he was chased by Hooker. 

113. Tell about the trouble between Hooker and the war de- 
partment. 

114. Who succeeded Hooker? 

115. Where did Meade meet Lee? 

116. What place was held by the Confederates and what place 
by the Union troops? 

117. How long did the battle of Gettysburg last? 

118. Give the result of the first days battle. The second. 

119. What was Longstreet's advice to Lee and how was it 
heeded? 



HISTORY. 21 

120. Tell about Picket's charge on General Hancock on Ceme- 
tery Ridge. 

121. What was the result of Picket's charge and how many 
men lost their lives in this battle? 

122. Who failed and what became of him? 

12'S. What was Lincoln's order in the beginning of 1862? 

124. Tell how this order was obeyed by the Union army under 
Grant. 

125. Give the Confederate line of defense. 

126. What was the object of the Union army in the West? 

127. Tell how General Thomas defeated the Confederates at 
Mill Springs. 

128. Who built Fort Henry and Fort Donnelson and why? 

129. Why did the Union army want control of Fort Henry and 
Fort Donnelson? 

130. Tell when and how Commodore Foote took Fort Henry. 

131. Tell about Foote's movement against Fort Donnelson, 
and how Grant finally captured it. 

132. When was Fort Donnelson taken and what was the ad- 
vantages in taking these two forts? 

133. What other places soon fell to the Union forces? 

134. Tell how the Confederates tried to drive Grant from 
Shilo or Pittsburg Landing and give the result. 

135. Why was Corinth an important place and when was it 
surrendered to the Union army? 

136. Why was it important to take Island No. 10? 

137. Give in full Grant's plan to take Yicksburg. 

138. What bad luck befell the Union army at Holly Springs? 

139. Why was Grant's entire plan a failure? 

140. Give Grant's plan in the Spring of 1863 and who was 
in the city of Vicksburg waiting for Grant? 

141. What was General Johnston doing and how was Grant 
intending to deal with Pemberton and Johnston? 

142. Tell how rapidly the work would have to be done, and 
how Grant captured Port Gibson, defeated Johnston at Jackson, 
seized the railroad over which Pemberton received his supplies, de- 
feated Pemberton at Champion's Hill, and again at Big Black 
River and drove him back into Vicksburg. 

143. Tell how Grant took Vicksburg by seige operations. 

144. Who undertook to capture New Orleans and how did the 
Confederates protect the city? 

145. Tell how Captain Farragut finally took New Orleans and 
why this was of great importance to the North. 



22 HISTORY. 

145. Why did Lincoln want the southern ports from Virginia 
to Texas to be blockaded? 

147. Tell about the blockade runners. 

148. Tell about the Trent affair and the attitude of England. 

149. What did the Union forces do when they saw the Confed- 
erates were about to get possession of the Portsmouth navy yard? 

150. Tell how the Confederates rebuilt the Merrimac and sent 
it to destroy the Union fleet of wooden vessels in liampton Eoads. 

151. Tell about the attack of the Merrimac on the Cumber- 
land, the Congress, and later upon the Minnesota when she sud- 
denly met her match, the Monitor. 

152. Tell about the fight between the Merrimac and Monitor 
and give the result. 

153. What finally became of both vessels? 

154. Tell in what way the naval fleet played an important part 
in the Civil War. 

155. When did Lincoln issue the Emancipation Proclamation 
and what slaves were set free by it? 

156. In what way had the slaves been a great help to the 
Confederates, and where only could the Emancipation Proclama- 
tion be enforced? 

157. How many slaves were freed by the Emancipation Procla- 
mation and what effect did it have upon the people abroad ? 

158. Why did the ruling class in England favor the South, 
and how was the opinion of the middle classes in England changed ? 

159. How were other nations besides England influenced by 
the Emancipation Proclamation? 

160. How was United States treated by the British Govern- 
ment after 1863 ? 

161. Give a full account of the battles of Gettysburg and 
Vicksburg and show how these battles were the beginning of the 
decline of the Confederacy. 

162. SpeaJi of the loyalty shown by both the North and the 
South. 

163. Why did Sherman march from Chattanooga to take 
Atlanta and what were the only two places of power left? 

164. Tell about Sherman^s march from Chattanooga against 
Johnston at Dalton. 

165. Give an account of the trouble between Hood and Sher- 
man also the result. 

166. Give a full account of Sherman's march to the sea and 
entrance into Savannah. 

167. Why did Lincoln make Grant Lieutenant General ? 



HISTORY. 23 

168. Give Grant^s plans for Sherman and others also his plans 
for himself. 

109. What work was Sherman doing in Georgia and Carolina 
while Grant was in Virginia? 

170. Tell how Grant was attacked by Lee in the wilderness. 

171. Tell about the battle at Spottsylvania and later at Cold 
Harbor. 

172. Where did Lee fortify himself, and why did Grant take 
up his position opposite Petersburg? 

173. Tell about the dashes Grant made on Petersburg. 

174. Why did Lee send Early to threaten Washington? 

175. Tell about Early's retreat up the She.nandoah Valley. 

176. Tell about the threat to burn Chambersburg. 

177. Tell about the trouble between Early and Sheridan. 

178. Tell how Grant laid seige to Petersburg and how the 
Petersburg mine was a failure. 

179. When did Grant take Petersburg and enter Richmond? 

180. Tell about Grant's entrance into Richmond and what 
became of General Lee? 

181. What was done with Jefferson Davis? 

182. What eifect did Lee's surrender have upon Johnston? 

183. Tell how kindly Grant treated the Confederate soldiers. 

184. What caused the discontent in the North? 

185. Tell about Greeley's letter to Lincoln, and Lincoln's 
opinion about the situation. 

186. Tell why the "Peace Democrats" opposed Lincoln in the 
campaign of 1864. 

187. Who were the candidates put up by the Demoerats, also 
the candidates put up by the Union National party as the Repub- 
lican party was now called? 

188. What was the Radical party and what did they do before 
the election? 

189. What about the canvas and the result? 

190. What about the soldier's vote? 

191. How many electorial votes did Lincoln receive, and how' 
many did McClellan receive? 

192. Compare Lincoln's popular vote in 1860 with his popular 
vote in 1864. 

193. Tell about the Republican gain in Congress. 

194. Give the provisions of the thirteenth amendment. 

195. When was the thirteenth amendment declared in force 
and what was the difference between the thirteenth amendment and 
the emancipation proclamation? 



24 HISTORY. 

196. Tell about the action of Congress on the thirteenth 
amendment before and after the election of 1864. 

197. Tell how the people were ready for the complete destruc- 
tion of slavery. 

198. What did the war cost in men, and in money? 

. 199. Describe the credit of the government at the close of 
Buchanan's term. 

200. Tell how Congress in 1861 took steps to remedy the 
financial situation. 

201. What was the condition in regard to the national debt, 
and what can be said about the United States money when the 
war broke out? 

202. Tell about the paper money that had been issued. 

203. How did Congress make the situation worse when it 
promised to give gold for paper money? 

204. Tell about the suspension of specie payments. 

205. Tell about the United States notes which our govern- 
ment issued, and what were the results. 

206. Tell how the government issued bonds and passed an 
internal revenue law. 

207. Describe the conditions in regard to revenue at the begin- 
ning of 1863. 

208. What was the greatest good that came from the neces- 
sity to raise money? 

209. What were the tw^o objects of the National Banking Act? 

210. Tell how the banks were induced to buy bonds. 

211. What were the two main results of the Civil War? 

212. What difficult problems were facing the government? 

213. How did Lincoln think we should treat the seceded 
states, and how did others feel? 

214. How did Lincoln feel in regard to the negro, and how 
did others feel? 

215. Give a full account of the Assassination of Lincoln. 

Note. — After this month's questions have been gone over, 
have pupils review the month's tvorh hy reciting on the topics. 

QUESTIONS ON HISTORY— FIFTH MONTH— EIGHTH 

YEAR. 

1. What was the great problem after the Civil War? 

2. What was the idea of many people in the North, and 
what was Lincoln's idea? 

3. What two thinsfs did Lincoln ask of the seceded states? 



HISTORY. 25 

4. What was Lincoln's idea in regard to creating a loyal 
class in each state? 

5. What were the first and second parts of Lincoln's procla- 
mation in regard to reconstruction? 

6. Give Louisiana's plan in regard to continuing the work 
of reconstruction. 

7. Tell why Congress refused to recognize the government 
of Louisiana. 

8. What was the Wade-Davis Bill ? 

9. Give the extent of reconstruction at the end of Lincoln's 
administration. 

10. Who began reconstruction and who continued it? 

11. Tell about the president's proclamation of pardon. 

12. How did the president and Congress disagree in regard 
to the seceded states sending representatives to Congress? 

13. What was Johnson's idea in regard to the southern 
leaders ? 

14. What about Johnson's cabinet? 

15. Tell about the Freedmen's Bureau and Civil Eights Bill. 

16. Tell about the leadership of Stevens and Sumner. 

17. When was the fourteenth amendment passed by Con- 
gress and what was this amendment? 

18. When did the fourteenth amendment become a part of 
the constitution? 

19. Explain the military reconstruction bill. 

20. Into what four classes did the government in the South 
fall? 

21. Tell how the negroes obtained control in some of the 
restored states. 

22. Who were the "carpet baggers" ? 

23. Tell how the reign of the negro and carpet bagger came 
to an end. 

24. What was the Ku-Klux Klan and what finally ended- it ? 

25. Explain the tenure of Office Act. 

26. Who has the sole power of impeachment and who has 
the sole power to try all impeachments? 

27. Suppose the president of the United States is tried who 
presides ? 

28. What is the punishment for impeachment? 

29. Tell about the articles of impeachment of President 
Johnson, the trial, and the outcome. 

30. What was the fifteenth arnendment and when was it 
declared in force? 



26 HISTORY. 

31. Give the provisions of the fifteenth amendment. Who 
has tlie power to enforce this article? 

32. How did Napoleon of France and the Emperor of 
Austria try to take advantage of our Civil War^ and how was this 
trouble settled ? 

33. When, from what country, and for what sum was Alaska 
purchased ? 

34. Why was Alaska called Seward's ice-box ? 

35. Describe the climate of Alaska and why is it valuable 
to us? 

36. Give the time of Grant's administration. 

37. Tell about the settlement of the Alabama claims. 

38. Tell how a ring of politicians robbed the taxpayers of 
New York City, and how Samuel J. Tilden overthrew them. 

39. Tell about the Erie ring and the whiskey ring. 

40. Of what was Secretary of War, Belknap accused ? 

41. What did many people think in regard to the annexa- 
tion of San Domingo ? 

42. How did Grant's administration suit the people ? 

43. Why did many people think there should be a radical 
change in policy? 

44. What was the Liberal Eepublican party arid where was 
its first meeting held, and what was their platform? 

45. Who was nominated for president by the Liberal- Eepub- 
lican party ? 

46. Tell how the Democrats adopted the platform of the 
Liberal Eepublican party, and how Grant was renominated by the 
Eepublicaiis and also elected. 

47. What was the cause of the panic of 1873 ? 

48. Tell about the disputed election of Hayes and how it 
was finally settled. 

49. Give the time of Hayes' administration. 

50. Tell how Hayes withdrew the troops from the South and 
how the Southern people were now free to work out their own 
problems. 

51. Tell how Congress authorized the issuing of bills called 
'%reen backs." 

52. What bills could not be paid by "greenbacks"? 

53. What caused the greenbacks to rise and fall in value? 

54. Give the value of the greenback dollar in 1864. 

55. Tell how Congress resumed specie payment. 

56. What were the causes of the railroad strike of 1877 and 
how did it end? 

57. Tell how immigration had grown from 1860 to 1880. 



HISTORY. 27 

58. Tell about the increase in agriculture products from 
1860-1880. 

59. What two things lessened the cost of production? 

60. Tell how the Civil War hastened our manufacturing 
enterprises. 

61. Xame several inventions which have lightened the work 
of the farmer. 

62. Tell about the number of patents granted before 1880 
and what a French writer had to say in regard to this ? 

63. What led to the improvements of the roads, also im- 
provements in the building of railroads? 

64. W^hat was the first railroad to connect the Atlantic and 
Pacific, and when was it finished? 

65. In what sections has railroad building increased? 

66. Tell how a railroad was built to the Pacific and how 
Congress aided by giving public lands to the railroad companies. 

67. Give the benefits of this railroad to the coast. 

68. Tell how manufacturing was developed during the war. 

69. Tell about the rise of labor unions and the beginning 
of serious labor problems. 

70. How are most troubles between the employer and em- 
ployees settled? 

71. Tell how the Civil War opened great possibilities for 
wealth. 

72. Explain how the internal revenue tax was removed and 
the tariff was made highly protective. 

73. Why w^as it necessary to levy high taxes for many years? 

Note. — Review this month's work by having the pupils recite 
on the topics, and if time then remains, review the questions on the 
Fourth Month's work. 

QUESTIONS ON HISTORY— SIXTH MONTH— EIGHTH 

YEAR. 

1. Give the years of Garfield and Arthur^s administration. 

2. Tell about the assassination of Garfield. 

3. Explain the custom of the presidents in regard to put- 
ting men into office and how this method later tormented them. 

4. Tell how Grant and Hayes tried to remedy this custom. 

5. How many officers had been removed from 1789-1827 
by each president? 

6. How many had Jackson removed? 

7. When did the Spoils System come to an end and what 
harm did it do? 



28 HISTORY. 

8-. What noted men denounced the Spoils system? 
9. Tell what diffieulty Garfield laced from the beginning, 
and the trouble he had with Koscoe Conkling. 

10. Tell how this squabbling over offices had a tragic turn 
July 2, 1881. 

11. Tell about the Civil Service Commission, and how it has 
grown. 

12. Give a short history of the Spoils system and how it has 
been remedied by the Civil Service Act of 1883. 

13. Tell about the presidential ejection of 1884, and the Civil 
Service under Cleveland. 

14. Give an account of the Serious Labor Troubles during 
Cleveland's administration. 

15. Tell how the tariff question now became a distinct party 
issue. 

16. What was the appropriation of the first Congress of the 
Harrison administration? 

17. What became of the surplus tbat had accumulated in 
the treasury? 

18. What was meant by the "billion dollar" congress ? 

19. Tell how United States began to build up her navy. 

20. Give the length of the term of Harrison's administration. 

21. Explain fully the McKinley Act, and what was its object. 

22. Tell about the over-supply of silver from our mines. 

23. Tell about the Sherman Silver Act and its repeal. 

24. Give the years of Cleveland's second administration. 

25. Tell about the panic of 1893, and give the causes. 

26. Tell about the drain on the gold supply and what was 
done to stop this ? 

27. Give an account of the repeal of the purchase clause of 
^e Sherman Act of 1890. 

28. What was the cause of the strike of 1894, where did it 
begin and how did it spread? 

29. What ended the strike? 

30. What was the cause of the strike between Great Britain 
and Venezuela? 

31. Tell how United States interfered with this strike and 
why. 

32. How was the trouble between the two countries settled? 

33. Tell about the split of 1896 in both the great parties 
over the free coinage of silver. 

34. What did the Democrats mean by "16 to 1"? 

35. Who was nominated by the Eepublicans, by the Demo- 
crats, and by the Gold Democrats ? 



HISTORY. 29 

36. Give the result of the election. 

37. Giv6 the length of McKinley's administration. 

38. Tell about the revolution on the Hawaiian Islands, and 
her wish for annexation and reasons for Cleveland's refusal. 

39. When was Hawaii annexed, and how are these islands 
valuable to the United States? 

40. What were the causes of the war with Spain? 

41. Tell how Spain governed Cuba and how the United 
States remonstrated with Spain. 

42. Give an account of the rebellion in Cuba in 18-95, and 
tell how General Weyler tried to crush this rebellion. 

43. How did our government protest against Weyler? 

44. Tell about the complication with Spain. 

45. To whom did the Maine belong and when was she 
blown up? 

46. What was the business of the Maine in Cuba, and how 
many people lost their lives when the Maine was blown up? 

47. Tell about the investigation of the explosion, and what 
did the Spanish people say about it ? 

48. What demand was made of Cuba by the United States? 

49. Who owned the Philippines and what was the capital? 

50. Tell how the United States struck Spain two blows at 
once. 

51. Tell about Dewey's victory at Manila. 

52. Tell about the fleet that Spain brought from the Cape 
Verde Islands. 

53. Who were sent in search of Cervera and where did they 
find him? 

54. Tell hoM' the Spanish fleet near the harbor of Santiago 
was destroyed. 

55. When and where was the treaty of peace signed? 

56. Give the terms of the treaty of peace. 

57. What was the cost of the war in money and in lives ? 

58. Tell how Cuba was given her independence in 1902 but 
under the protection of the United States. 

59. Tell about the assassination of President McKinley, and 
what was done with the assassin? 

60. "V^Hiat name is given to our present age and what person 
has had much to do with its development? 

61. Tell about his patents on electrical devices. 

62. What about the incandescent light? 

63. What can be said about the increase in the use of elec- 
tricity between 1890-1900? 



30 HISTORY. 

64. Name the leading electrical devices used in every day 
life. 

65. Tell how electricity is playing its part in the present war. 

66. Tell how electricity aids transportation. 

67. To what is much of our present industrial prosperity 
due? 

68. Tell about the rapid development of the South. 

69. What is the leading crop? 

70. What can be said about the development of the iron and 
coal industries in the South? 

71. What can be said about the oil in Texas? 

72. Give an account of factories in the South. 

73. In 1900 what was thought to be the industrial center of 
the United States but where is it now? 

74. What can be said about the railroads in the South? 

75. What can be said about competition in business and how 
did the larger manufactures take steps to remedy this? 

76. What did the large companies or corporations do with the 
smaller ones? > 

77. How did this combination of corporations affect the 
people ? 

78. Explain how the Sherman Anti-Trust took steps to rem- 
edy these evils. 

79. Name some large corporations that were hit by the x4nti- 
Trust Act. 

80. What important question arose with our industrial ex- 
pansion ? 

81. Tell about the difficulties between capital and labor. 

82. What about the unions and the American Federation of 
Labor ? 

83. What is the policy of the American Federation of Labor ? 

84. Tell about the associations formed by employers. 

85. Usually how are breaks between capital and labor now 
settled ? 

Note. — After the pupils have gone over this month's worh by 
the question method, have them review it by reciting on the topics. 
If time still permits, review the Fifth Month's Worh. 

QUESTIONS ON HISTORY— SEVENTH MONTH- 
EIGHTH YEAR. 

1. Give the years of Roosevelt's administration. 

2. Tell about the strike of the coal miners of the anthracite 
mines. 



HISTORY. - 31 

3. Teli how Eoosevelt ajppointed a commission to settle the 
coal strike. 

4. How long has the Panama canal been a subject before 
the people and why was work delayed so long? 

5. What did Ferdinand de Lesseps do in regard to the canal 
and what was the result? 

6. Give an account of the second French company that un- 
dertook the work on the Panama canal. 

7. Tell about the interest of the United States in this canal 
and when did we begin work on the canal ? 

8. Tell how our government is trying to conserve our forests, 
also some of our coal and petroleum mines. 

9. Tell about irrigation in many arid lands. 

10. What is the Interstate Commerce Act? 

11. What are the objects of this act? 

12. Tell about the Interstate Commerce Commission. 

13. Tell about the rate law of 1906, and the commerce court 
of 1910. 

14. Give the years of Taft's administration. 

15. What was the Payne Aldrich Bill and why was it opposed 
by the Democrats? 

16. Tell what Taft did in regard to the Postal Saving's banks 
and who opposed this? 

17. How is the Postal Savings system managed? 

18. Tell how a person's deposits are limited, and with what 
small sum can accounts be opened and what rate of interest is paid. 

19. How much money was given by Congress to try out the 
Postal Savings System, and where has the plan proved a success? 

20. Tell how Taft recommended a Eural Parcel Post, and 
how it was fought by the Express Companies. 

21. When was the Parcel Post Bill made a law and how were 
the rates to be decided? 

22. Into how many zones is our country divided and what 
is the maximum weight allowed? 

23. Why was there a reform group started in the Eepublican 
party, and what magazines aided the insurgents to keep up a 
vigorous agitation? 

24. What did the older Eepublican leaders think about these 
reformers ? 

25. Tell how the Eepublicans lost in the election of 1910, 
and how the Progressive group in the Senate grew. 

26. What did the Eepublicans do in the election of 1912, and 
who did they renominate for president? 



32 . HISTORY. 

27. Who was put on the ticket by the Progressives? 

28. Give the result of the preference primaries. 

29. What caused a split in the party? 

30. Give the result of the convention. 

31. Of what did the Democrats get control? 

32. In what year was Wilson elected? 

33. What was the leading political issue in the compaign? 

34. What stand was taken by the Democrats, by the Progres- 
sives, and by the Republicans? 

35. What was the Underwood bill and what effect did it have 
on the tariff? 

36. What was the Owen Glass bill, and what were the cities 
selected for each district? 

37. Give a full account of the Federal Farm Loan Act, and 
who is chairman of this? 

38. JSTame the cities of the Federal Farm Land banks, and 
what is the capital stock? 

39. How did these banks make themselves safe when they 
loaned money, what interest did they charge, how much money 
would they loan and to whom would they loan? 

40. What w^as the sixteenth amendment to the Constitution? 

41. Who is compelled to pay income tax and when did this 
become a law? 

42. Why was the income tax so necessary? 

43. Suppose a person has over $20,000 income besides the reg- 
ular income tax, how much additional must be paid, suppose it is 
over $50,000, over $75,000, over $100,000, over $250,000, over 
$500,000. 

44. Give an idea of the amount of revenue this income tax 
brings to the government. 

45. What is the punishment if a person fails to make a re- 
turn or makes a fraudulent return? 

46. What is the seventeenth amendment and what is the ob- 
ject of this amendment? 

47. What question in regard to Mexico did Wilson face wheu 
he became president? 

48. Give the conditions existing in Mexico during the year 
1912. 

49. What warnings had been given by Mexico to the United 
States ? 

50. How had Madero treated his people? 

51. Tell how Diaz caused Madero trouble and what finally 
happened to Diaz? 



HISTORY. 33 

52. What was now done by Huerta? 

53. Tell about the counter revolution of the farmers of the 
North and Carranza against Huerta. 

54. Tell how Great Britain and France recognized Huerta 
and what etfect this had on United States? 

55. When W'ilson became president what did he say and do 
in regard to the Mexican situation ? 

5G. Why did Wilson seem unwilling to recognize Huerta? 

57. Tell about the resignation of Henry Lane Wilson. 

58. Why was Ex-Governor Lind of Minnesota sent to Mexico 
and what was the result? 

59. What was now happening to Madero and why would 
Wilson not recognize him ? 

60. Tell about the government in -the Xorth under Carranza. 

61. Tell how Wilson aided the constitutionalists. 

62. Tell about the trouble with the blue jackets, and what 
demand was made by Admiral Mayo? 

63. Tell about Huerta's refusal to salute the American flag 
and what finally became of the trouble? 

64. What became of Huerta and who succeeded him? 

65. Tell about the trouble between Villa and Carranza. 

6Q. Who did Wilson finally recognize as president of Mexico? 

67. Tell how Villa caused the murder of nineteen United 
States citizens, and how he also raided Columbus, New Mexico. 

68. Tell how our troops tried to get Axilla. 

69. Tell about the new constitutional convention in Mexico, 
also their election of president. 

70. Tell about the development of a better understanding be- 
tween the states of South America and the United States. 

71. Tell about Wilson^s proclamation of neutrality when the 
Great War broke out, and how he offered himself as a mediator be- 
tween the warring nations. 

72. Explain how W^ilson tried to get the warring nations to 
accept certain agreements in regard to neutrals. 

73. Explain our position from the beginning. 

74. What appeal was issued to all people of the United 
States ? 

75. What appeals were refused both the French, and German 
government and why ? 

76. Why was our first cause of grievance against Great 
Britain ? 

77. Why did Germany declare we were favoring the Allies? 



34 HISTORY. 

78. Teii about the step taken by the Germau government Feb- 
ruary 1, 1915. 

79. Why did our government remonstrate against this sub- 
marine policy? 

80. What warnings did our government send to Great 
Britain ? 

81. Tell how President Wilson again warned his people to 
remain neutral, and what happened on the same day. 

82. What did Germany have to say in regard to the sinking 
of this first ship?, 

83. Why w^ould we not place an embargo on arms when 
Germany requested it? 

84. Tell about the sinking of the Falaba and the shelling of 
the Gushing, also tell about the sinking of the Gunfiight, and the 
William P. Frye. 

85. Tell about the sinking of the British ship, Lusitania. 

86. Tell how^ Germany pledged that Liners would not be sunk. 

87. Why did we ask for the recall of Constantin Dumba, also 
two attaches of the German embassy? 

88. Tell how we still tried to preserve our neutrality, and 
what happened March 24, 1916? 

89. Give Germany's declaration on January 31, 1917. 

90. When were diplomatic relations between Germany and 
the United States broken and when did Wilson ask the United 
States to go to war? 

91. Tell about war being declared against Germany and then 
against Austria-Hungary. 

92. What were the great problems in regard to winning the 
war? 

93. Give the schedule adopted during Wilson's first adminis- 
tration when war seemed merely threatened. 

94. Tell about the preparations after the war was really de- 
clared. 

95. Tell AAdiat was done when enlistment failed to enlarge 
the army. 

96. Tell how bonds were issued. 

Note. — After tlie pupils have gone over the questions on this 
montli's worl', have tliem revieiv it by reciting on the topics. 

QUESTIONS ON HISTORY— EIGHTH MONTH— EIGHTH 

YEAR. 

1. Give the area of the United States in 1789, also its 
population. 



HISTORY. 35 

2. What part of the jjopulation were uegroes? 

3. Give the rank of the following states in population: 
Virginia, Kentucky, and Tennessee. 

•i. What part of the people of the United States lived east 
of the Alleghany Mountains, and what were the largest cities and 
their population ? 

5. What new states did we gain in 1800? 

6. What additional area did we secure by the purchase of 
Louisiana, and how is this purchase looked upon in regard to our 
national growth? 

7. What new states were added from 1803 to 1819? 

8. Tell what territory ve gained by the purchase of Florida 
in 1819. 

9. Tell what we secured from Mexico by treaty and pur- 
chase in 1848. 

10. Tell how much we secured from England by treaty in 
1846. 

11. What did we gain by the Gadsden purchase in 1853? 

12. What territory did we gain from Kussia in 1867 ? 

13. What territory did we gain in 1898- ? 

14. What islands did we acquire in 1889 ? 

15. What did we gain in 1902? 

16. What per cent of the gross area was settled area in 1790 
and where was the region of dense population ? 

17. What regions were scarcely settled at all? 

18. What can be said about the boundaries of six of the 
thirteen American states as late as 1776? 

19. Tell about the condition of the roads and bridges, and 
the mineral resources about the year 1790. 

20. What about petroleum, coal, and iron about 1790? 

21. Give the population for the whole United States every 
ten years from 1790 to 1910 in round numbers; also name the 
center of population. 

22. Give the growth of Kentuckv, Tennessee, Ohio, Indiana, 
and Illinois by 1800. 

23. Give the movement of the settlers and the population 
of Kentucky, Tennessee, Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois by 1810. 

24. What was our total population by 1830 and of what was 
it composed, and where did 3,000,000 live? 

25. When were Arkansas and Michigan admitted to the 
Union ? 

26. Compare the population of the 'New England States with 
Ohio, Kentucky, and Tennessee, from the years 1800-1820. 

27. Speak of the gains in population from 1810-1820. 



36 HISTORY. 

28. What section of the United States showed a marked 
increase during the years 1850-18-60 ? 

29. Tell how Congress in 1903 took steps to regulate this 
unending stream of immigration. 

30. Give an account of our immigration in 1905, and what is 
one of our greatest problems? 

31. What was our immigration before 1842 and what was 
the cause of the increase after 1848, and how long did this influx 
continue ? 

32. Describe the agricultural conditions as given in the head- 
ing before 1860 and after 1860. 

33. What was the leading occupation in the United States 
in 1789, what were the chief crops and where were they grown? 

34. Where were hemp and flax grown and what were the 
leading crops of the South in 1789 ? 

35. What domestic animals were raised in 1789? 

36. What was the leading occupation in New England in 
1789? 

37. What can be said about manufacturing and ship building 
in the New England States and upon what did each state depend? 

38. Wbat about our exports and imports in 1789? 

39. Describe our farm tools in 1790. 

40. Give an account of our clothing, light, heat, and neces- 
sities of life in 1790. 

41. How did the greater part of the people u'ake their living 
in 1800, what were the chief crops and where produced? 

42. What about the fortunes made in 1800 ? 

43. Tell how, at the present, the United States surpasses 
all other countries in its agricultural products. 

44. How many acres of improved lands in 1850 and hoAV 
many in 1910? 

45. What can be said about Iowa as a farm state ? 

46. Tell about the size of the farms in different localities. 

47. How do corn, hay, wheat, cotton, and oats rank in the 
United States? 

48. Give an account of our vegetables including potatoes, and 
sweet potatoes. 

49. What can be said about our fruit production? 

50. Tell about the value of the tobacco and sugar cane crops. 

51. What can be said about the value of the live stock in the 
United States and to what is this enormous growth due? 

52. Speak of the improvement in our lights and means of 
travel. 

53. How do most farmers deal with the milk problem? 



HISTORY. 37 

54. Tell how the means of cooking has been improved, also 
how the farmers does a great deal of his work by means of motor 
power. 

55. Speak of the great development on the farms of the West. 

56. Tell how our method of making flour has been improved. 

57. Tell about the growth of manufacturing between the 
years 1770 and 1800. 

58. What invention is due to Hargreaves, Arkwright, Comp- 
ton, and Cartwright? 

59. Tell how England tried to prevent United States from 
profiteering by these inventions, and how Samuel Slater came to 
our aid. 

60. Tell how Eli Whitney greatly aided the cotton industry, 
and show the growth by giving the amount raised in 1790 and in 
1800. 

61. Tell how Whitney's invention caused the growth of 
slavery. 

62. Tell how manufacturing was benefited by a rise in duties. 

63. Tell about the time and labor saving machines during 
the period 1830-1840. 

64. Tell about the increase in our manufacturing towns and 
account for this. 

65. How^ did Cyrus McCormick's invention aifect agriculture, 
and what about the value of the threshing machine? 

66. Why did people congregate in the cities? 

67. Tell how the number of patents increased from 1850- 
1860. 

68. What important inventions in 1852, 1853 ? 

69. Why was Goodyear's discovery important? 

70. Tell about the manufacturing of boots and shoes, also 
iron products. 

71. What city was the center of the iron industry? 

72. Tell about the growth in the manufacture of cotton and 
woolen mills during the period of 1850-1860. 

73. Tell about manufacturing in the South, before and after 
the war, also how the war caused manufacturing in the North to 
increase. 

74. Tell about the increase of new machinery between the 
years 1866 and 1886, and why so many founderies around the Great 
Lakes ? 

75. Tell how machinery replaced workmen. 

76. How did the demand for manufacturing grow? 



38 HISTORY. 

77. Give the per capita consumption of iron in 1870, and in 
1880 and how was this great demand met? 

78. Tell how manufacturing became a special line, and how 
the cities depended upon the country and the country the city and 
how is this rapid interchange been made possible? 

79. Compare manufacturing in 1870 with that of 1880. 

80. What per cent of the people lived in cities in 1870, in 
1890 and why? 

81. Compare the years before 1865 with the years 1867 and 
1879 and since 1879 in regard to patents. 

82. Name some of the leading inventions that have added 
much to the comforts of modern life. 

83. Tell about the growth of trusts during the years 1895- 
1905 and give an idea of the wealth of the trusts. 

84. Tell how the government has tried to regulate the trusts. 

85. Tell about manufacturing in the South since 1900. 

86. Make a table showing the growth of manufacturing from 
1890-1900-1905. 

87. Speak of the poor transportation in 1789. 

88. Tell about the question of transportation in 1800. 

89. What about the "Conestoga" wagons? 

90. Give an idea of the length of time required to travel 
in 1805. 

91. Tell about the turnpikes of 1800. 

92. Tell how Congress aided the construction of roads, and 
what about the Cumberland road? 

93. Tell about the extension and completion of the Cumber- 
land Eoad and how was it built? 

94. Tell how Congress appropriated money in 1806 for the 
improvement of this road, and how when railroads were built the 
road lost some of its importance. 

95. Tell about the barges, flat boats, and keel boats on the 
rivers, and give an idea of their size. 

96. When were steamboats used on the Ohio and when on 
Lake Ontario? 

97. In what way did steamboats aid in the development of 
the West? 

98. What was said by an old traveler on the National road 
about the immigration to the West? 

99. Tell about the improvement of the harbors. 

100. Tell about Clinton^s canal and what it meant to the West. 

101. Tell how Clinton^s canal built up the cities. 



HISTORY. 39 

102. Give an account of the aid the government gave during 
the administration of Adams for the improvement of roads and 
harbors. 

103. Tell about the canals begun in 1825. 

lOi. In what section of the country were the improvements 
almost a mania? 

105. Explain how the canals later gave place to the railroads, 
and how Ohio became especially interested. 

106. Tell about the work done by the Baltimore and Ohio 
company. 

107. Tell about the first locomotive in America. 

108. Tell how railroads had grown from 1835 to 181:0, and 
from 1840 to 1859. 

109. How many steam vessels were built in United States from 
1851-1860? 

110. Tell about the building of the Union Pacific railroad, also 
tell how other railroads received government aid. 

111. AVhen was the first transcontinental railroad built? 

112. What two elements have done a great deal towards revolu- 
tionizing farm life, and why are these mentioned in connection 
with transportation? 

113. Tell how the increasing mileage of the railroads is 
bringing up new questions. 

114. Speak of the intellectual life of the early colonists. 

115. Tell about the first American spelling book, also arith- 
metic. 

116. In what section were the schools, and what was done with 
the pupil after he had passed the sixth grade? 

117. AVhat about the education of the girls and what about 
public high schools? 

118. What was done to found acadenties and where was the 
first? 

119. Tell about the growth of the academies. 

120. l^ame the most noted academies of the times. 

121. How many graduates in 1879 from the colleges of the 
United States and what were the chief subjects offered? 

122. When and where were the first medicine and law schools 
in United States? 

123. When, where, and by whom was the first theological school 
opened ? 

124. Tell about the opening of the schools in the West. 

125. Tell about the law of 1824 in resrard to schools. 



40 HISTORY. 

12G. Tell about the condition of the common schools in 1830- 
1840. 

127. Describe the schools in some of the Northern cities. 

128. What work was done by Horace Mann in regard to the 
schools ? 

129. What was remarkable in those days in regard to Oberlin 
College ? 

130. Compare the North and South in 1850 in regard to num- 
ber of schools and attendance. 

131. What kind of school predominated in the South? 

132. Compare the years 1850-1960 in regard to high schools, 
and universities. 

133. What state had the first university to admit women on an 
equality with men? 

134. Name some colleges exclusively for women. 

135. How many women in college in 1900? 

136. What courses have been given much attention since 1900? 

137. Tell how America can boast in regard to the school ques- 
tion ? 

138. Tell why it is a good idea for each state to manage its 
own educational institutions. 

139. Upon what does the future of any state depend? 

140. Teacher should put a list of dates upon the board, and 
have the pupils give the events with which each is connected. 

141. Be able to write the names of all the presidents and give 
the time of each one's term. 



GRAMMAR. 



QUESTIONS ON GRAMMAR— FIRST MONTH— EIGHTH 

YEAR. 

1. How are sentences classified as to form? Define and 
illustrate each. 

2. Tell how the compound sentence is made and how the 
members composing the compound sentence are joined. 

3. Name the principal coordinate conjunctions used to join 
the members of compound sentences. 

4. Write several simple sentences and show how they may 
be joined to form compound sentences. 

5. What is a simple sentence ? Write a simple sentence 
with a compound subject^ a compound predicate, and a compound 
object. 

6. What is a complex sentence? Write five complex sen- 
tences and draw two lines under the principal clause or proposition. 

7. Write out Exercise I on the classification of sentences 
and bring it to the class to be corrected. Deduct four per cent for 
each error. 

8. What is a clause or proposition ? 

9. Into how man}^ classes are clauses divided? 

10. Define a principal and subordinate clause, and give an 
example of each. 

11. Explain what is meant by co-ordination, and how words, 
phrases, and clauses may be co-ordinate. 

12. Write six sentences of your own showing how words can 
be co-ordinate. 

13. Write four sentences of your own showing how phrases 
can be co-ordinate. 

14. Write three sentences of your own showing how clauses 
can be co-ordinate. 

15. Write two sentences of your own showing how two or 
more subordinate clauses can be co-ordinate. 

16. What words have you used to connect the co-ordinate 
elements in your sentences? 

17. Write four sentences of your own showing how a co- 
ordinate element can be connected by the so-called correlatives, 
"either-or," "neither-nor.^^ 



42 GRAMMAR. 

18. Write out Exercise II, hand it to your teacher for cor- 
rection. She will deduct three and one-third per cent for each 
error. 

19. What three steps are necessary in the analysis of com- 
pound sentences? 

30. Analyze the compound sentences in Exercise III accord- 
ing to the model given in your gTanimar. Make two lessons out 
of this. 

21. What three steps are necessary in the analysis of complex 
sentences ? 

22. Analyze the complex sentences in Exercise IV according 
to the model given in your grammar. Make two lessons out 
of each. 

23. Upon what work should the teacher give special drill 
this month? 

24. Write out Exercise V and bring to the class for correc- 
tion. Deduct six and two-fifths per cent for each error. 

25. What must be remembered in regard to each clause? 

26. Write out Exercise VI, and bring to the class for correc- 
tion. Deduct ten per cent for each error. 

27. What is meant by subordination? 

28. Give two sentences of your own, and by them explain 
the subordinate clauses. 

29. Write out Exercise VII and bring to the class for cor- 
rection. Deduct ten per cent for each error. 

30. Explain what is meant by a compound sentence having 
"unity.'' 

31. When does a complex sentence lack "unity"? 

32. Write out Exercise VIII on "unity" of compound sen- 
tences. 

33. How can we avoid too many "ands" and "buts" in our 
composition ? 

34. What is a common fault of most young writers in their 
composition work, and how can this be corrected ? 

35. Give a rule for the punctuation of a complex sentence, 
and name some connectives which can be used to bring variety to 
our composition. 

36. Notice the example of the compound sentence changed 
to a complex with the dependent member coming first and set off 
by a comma. 

37. Write out Exercise IX and bring to the class for correc- 
tion. Deduct six and two-fifths per cent for each error. 

38. What can be said about the common mistake of indis- 
tinct enunciation of final g's, t's, and d's ? 



GRAMMAR. 43 

39. Tell how ''running," ''subject/' and "bound" are com- 
monly mispronounced, and how can we overcome this habit? 

40. Pronounce again and again, the words given in Exercise 
X. Be sure to sound the final letters. 

41. What can be said about the mispronunciation of words 
containing short vowels? 

• 42. Kame some words containing short vowels which are 
frequently mispronounced, and tell how to pronounce them cor- 
rectly. 

43. Pronounce correctly the words given in Exercise XI. 

44. Give several troublesome verb forms to be taken up in 
this month's work. 

45. Give the principal parts of ivake, awake, flee, fly, hang, 
lose, loose, slay, throw. 

46. What is the difference in meaning between wake and 
awake ? 

47. What does flee mean and with what word should it not 
be confused? 

48. When should hanged be used instead of hung? 

49. What is the difference in meaning between lo'se and 
loose f 

50. What is the past tense of slay and the past tense of 
throw ? 

51. Work out Exercise XII and bring to the class for cor- 
rection. Deduct seven per cent for each error. 

52. Explain how we often make mistakes by using a nom- 
inative case form of pronoun instead of an objective. 

53. Name the pronouns that should be used in the nom- 
inative case, also those that should be used in the objective case. 

54. Bring Exercise XIII to the class to be criticised. 

55. Write out Exercise XIV, and bring to the class for cor- 
rection. Deduct four per cent for each error. 

56. Tell how "governor" and "government" are frequently 
mispronounced, also "geography," "arctic," "statistics," and 
^'athletics." 

57. In general, how are most nouns made plural? Give 
examples. 

58. How are nouns ending in "y" preceded by a consonant 
made plural? Give examples. 

59. How are nouns ending in "f" or "fe" made plural? 
Give examples. 

60. How are nouns ending in "o" preceded by a vowel made 
plural ? Give examples. 



44 GRAMMAR. 

61. How are nouns ending in ""o" preceded by a consonant 
made plural? Give examples. 

62. How are letters, signs, figures, and marks made plural? 
Give examples. 

63. Name some nouns that are always singular and some 
that are always plural. , 

64. Name some nouns that have the same form for both the 
singular, and plural. 

65. Give some nouns that retain their foreign plurals. 

66. Tell how compounds of "man'' are made plural. Give 
examples. 

67. How are compound words generally made plural? Give 
examples. 

68. How are the plurals of solid compounds formed? Give 
examples. 

69. Tell how some nouns change the vowel to form the 
plural. 

70. Write out Exercise XV and bring it to the class to be 
exchanged with your classmates. 

71. How is the possessive singular of nouns formed? Give 
examples. Give exceptions. 

72. How is the possessive plural of nouns formed if the 
plural ends in 6*? Give examples. 

73. How is the possessive plural of nouns formed if the 
plural does not end in s? Give examples. 

74. Write out Exercise XVI. 

75. Tell how pronouns show their possessives. Give exam- 
ples. 

76. Do the work required in Exercise XVII. 

77. Outline the noun, by giving main ideas only, omitting 
sub-topics. 

78. Outline the pronoun, similar to the above. 

79. Tell about the straight marginal line, and* indentation. 

80. Where should capitals be used in the writing of a topic 
in an outline? 

81. MHiat are the special aims of the cq^nposition work for 
this month ? 

82. Tell about the unity of compound and complex sentences. 

83. Write out Exercise XVIII and have your teacher cor- 
rect it. 

84. Xotiee the model given in your grammar and by using 
that model for analyzing the thought of a paragraph, also that 
model for outlining the paragraph, select a paragraph from your 



GRAMMAR. 45 

history analyze the thought of the paragrapli then outline the 
paragraph. 

85. Notice the model in your grammar; select a paragraph 
from your geography^ analyze the thought of the paragraph then 
outline the paragraph. 

86. Notice the model in your grammar; select a paragraph 
from your work in grammar — you might use the topic nouns, pro- 
nouns, or kinds of sentences, analyze the thought of the paragi^aph 
then outline it. 

87. Use the model in your grammar; select a paragraph in 
your reading lesson, analyze the thought of the paragraph, then 
outline it. 

88. Define paragraph and topic sentence. 

89. Where may the topic sentence be found ? 

90. In the paragraph given in your grammar on the "Great 
Stone Face, the first sentence is the topic sentence, and notice 
how each sentence depends upon the preceding one. 

91. ^Wliat can be said about single incidents, explanations, 
and short descriptions in regard to paragraph? 

92. What about the single incident in regard to the topic 
sentence and how is the paragraph developed? 

93. Write a paragraph of a single incident. 

94. Write a paragraph of explanation. 

95. Write a paragraph of short description. 

96. When we write a paragraph in analyzing sentence, this 
is a paragraph of explanation. 

97. For paetise in explanation write out the analysis of the 
sentences required in Exercise XX. 

98. Tell how a friendly letter should be written. 

99. What does the Course of Study, 5th Kevision, say about 
letter writing? 

100. Name the six parts of a friendly letter. 

101. Tell how the heading of a friendly letter should be 
written. Give examples. 

102. How is the heading written where letter heads are used? 

103. Notice that in the heading of the letter to the "Ladies 
Home Journal'' no commas are used. 

104. How punctuate when two or more items occur on the 
same line, and how punctuate at the ends of the lines in a heading? 

105. Tell about the writing of the address in a business letter 
and what about the address in friendly and formal letters? 

106. Tell how addresses should be written. 

107. Where is the salutation written and how punctuated? 



^6 GRAMMAR. 

108. Give the forms of salutation to be used in a friendly 
letter, also the forms to be used in a business letter. 

109. What is the body of a letter ? 

110. Tell how the body of a letter should be written. 

111. Give several complimentary closes for the business letter, 
and several for a friendly letter. 

112. What about capitalization of the complimentary close? 

113. Do the work required in Exercise XX. 

Note. — // tifne permits, Jiave pupils review the entire monWs 
work. 

QUESTIONS ON GRAMMAR— SECOND MONTH- 
EIGHTH YEAR. 

1. What is given in your grammar in regard* to taking up 
adjuncts in this month's work? 

2. What are the essential elements of a sentence? 

3. Define subject and predicate. 

4. Give two sentences of your own and explain what is 
meant by "bare subject^' and '^bare predicate." 

5. Give a sentence which contains a copula and an attribute 
also a sentence which contains an attributive verb. 

6. Explain how attributive verbs can be either transitive or 
intransitive. 

7. Write out Exercise I and bring it to the class for correc- 
tion. Deduct five per cent for each error. 

8. What is an adjunct and for what are adjuncts used? 

9. Give five sentences of your own, each containing at least 
two adjuncts. 

10. Explain what these adjuncts do in expressing the thought 
of the sentence. 

11. To what are adjuncts added? 

12. What are the classes of adjuncts? 

13. Define adjective adjunct and give examples. 

14. Define adverbial adjuncts and give examples. 

15. Use in sentences an adjective adjunct used to describe a 
noun, an adjective .adjunct used to designate a particular person, 
an adjective adjunct used to give interesting or significant informa- 
tion, also an adjective adjunct to tell how many. 

16. What ideas may be expressed by adverbial adjuncts ? 

17. Write in sentences an adverbial adjunct expressing time, 
place, manner, degree, result, and cause. 

18. How are adjuncts classified according to form? 



GRAMMAR. ' 47 

19. Write a sentence containing a word adjunct^ a sentence 
containing a phrase adjunct, and a sentence containing a clause 
adjunct. 

20. Define plirase. 

:^1. Give the classes of phrases as to use. 

22. Define adjective phrase and write a sentence. 

23. Define an adverbial phrase and write a sentence. 

24. Define a noun phrase and write a sentence. 

25. Define a prepositional phrase and write a sentence. 

26. Define an infinitive phrase and write a sentence. 

27. Define a participial phrase and write a sentence. 

28. Define a clause. Write a sentence. 

29. As to use how are clauses classified? 

30. Define a noun clause and illustrate with a sentence. 

31. Define an adjective clause and illustrate with a sentence. 

32. Define an adverbial clause and illustrate with a sentence. 

33. Define an adjective and an adverb. 

34. Write out Exercise II and bring to the class for correc- 
tion. Deduct five per cent for each error. 

35. What is the proper position of adjuncts and why? 

36. What can be said about the placing of the adverb "only" ? 

37. Show by a sentence how a phrase adjunct can be mis- 
placed, also how a clause adjunct can be misplaced. 

38. Correct the faulty sentences in Exercise III. 

39. Give the steps by which we analyze sentences during this 
month. 

40. Tell how compound sentences should be analyzed. 

41. Tell how complex sentences should be analyzed. 

42. Analyze the sentences in Exercise IV. 

43. What is the special drill work for this month? 

44. Write ten sentences of your own showing adjective ad- 
juncts that designate a certain person or thing as called for in 
Exercise V. 

45. Write ten sentences of your own as called for in Exercise 
VI containing adjective adjuncts that describe merely. Try to use 
adjectives that do not at the same time designate a particular per- 
son or thing. • 

46. Write ten sentences of your own containing adjective 
adjuncts that give interesting or important information. 

47. Write ten sentences of your own containing adverbial 
adjuncts of time as called for in Exercise VII. 

48. Write ten sentences of your own containing adverbial ad- 
juncts of place as called for in Exercise VIT. t^ 



48 GRAMMAR. 

49. Write ten sentences of juiir own coiitaiiiiiig adverbial ad- 
juncts of manner as called for in Exercise V^li. 

50. What can be said about the placing of adjuncts at the be- 
ginning and end of sentences? Illustrate by sentences. 

51. Write out Exercise VIII. 

52. Explain what is meant by "'agreement of a \erb with its 
subject when a substantive of different meaning intervenes.^^ 

53. Write out Exercise IX to be corrected in the class. 

54. Tell about the use of "therefore" ajid ''hence" in reason- 
ing. Illustrate each with a sentence. 

55. Write out the analysis of the sentences required in Exer- 
cise X. 

5G. Tell about the mispronunciation of the word ''adverbial/' 
and what is the cause of the mispronunciation? 

57. Pronounce slowly clie words in Exercise XI. 

58. What is the general rule for the use of capital letters? 

59. What about the writing of the hrst word of a sentence 
also about the writing of "I" and "0" when they are used as words? 

60. What about the writing of the names of the days of the 
week, and the months of the year? 

(U. What about the writing of titles when used with the 
names of persons? 

02. What about the writing of the words street, avenue, river 
and lake when used with the name of the particular thing? 

63. How should all words referring to God be written? 

61. How should i)ub}ic documents and the titles of books be 
written ? 

65. What words should be capitalized in the siibject of a 
theme ? 

6(5. When should the words north, south, east, and west be 
capitalized ? 

67. What about the writing of the names of the seasons and 
the subjects of study? 

68. How should the names of manuments and public build- 
ings be written? 

69. What about the abbreviation of post-script? 

70. How should Geographical divisions and divisions of the 
army and navy be written? 

71. Give examples for all the rules on the use of capital 
letters. 

72. Tell about the use of the semicolon to separate the single 
sentences of a compound sentence joined by therefo^^e, hence, so, 
and then. Illustrate with sentences and punctuate the sentences* 



GRAMMAR. 49 

73. Punctuate the sentences in Exercise XII. 

71:. Explain the spelling of the word ''adverbial." 

75. What is the special aim for the composition of the second 
month ? Give suggestions for carrying out this work. 

7G. Work out Exercise Xlll by referring the paragraph 
which is outlined given in the first month^s work. 

77. Tell how we can add to the interest of our compositions. 

78. Write the theme as suggested in Exercise XIV. 

79. What will be the outline work for this month? 

80. What is said in your grammar about outlines on topics 
to be used in both speaking and writing? Notice the outline on 
"How I sold a Liberty Bond." 

81. How is a narrative outlined? 

82. How is an explanation outlined? 

83. What is said about outlines on grammar topics? Give 
an example. 

84. Do the outline work required in Exercise XV. 

85. W^hat work will be taken up this month on paragraphs? 

86. Notice how the analysis of ''The carriage drew up to a 
little hut, and an old man climbed down from its high door" forms 
a paragraph. 

87. Form paragraphs from the sentences suggested to be 
analyzed in Exercise XVI. 

88. Notice the paragraph in your grammar on the explana- 
tion of a process. Notice how the words so, therefore, then, and 
hence, are used properly as connectives of compound sentences, and 
that a semicolon is used before these words. 

89. Each pupil take two of the subjects mentioned in Exer- 
cise XVII and write a paragraph on the explanation of a process 
or opinion. 

90. What can be said about the use of adjuncts in narratives 
or descriptions? 

91. Notice the example of the narrative given in your gram- 
mar, also how well the adjuncts are used. Underline them. 

92. Notice the description given in your grammar; also how 
well the adjuncts are used. 

93. W^rite a narrative and a descriptive about at least two of 
the subjects given in Exercise XA^III. Watch your adjuncts. 

94. Copy the business letter in your grammar until you can 
write it perfectly. Into how many paragraphs is a business letter 
iJ^enerallv divided ? 



50 GRAMMAR. 

QUESTIONS ON GRAMMAR— THIRD MONTH— EIGHTH 

YEAR. 

1. luto what classes are the word adjuncts divided? 

2. What is aii adjective? Show by a sentence how an ad- 
jective can botli describe and limit a noun. 

3. Show by sentences how an adjective can have an attrib- 
utive use. 

4. Show by a sentence how^ an adjective can have an apposi- 
tive use, and how they are punctuated. 

5. Show by a sentence how an adjective can be used as a 
predicate attribute. 

G. Adjectives in the predicate often follow what words? 
Illustrate by sentences. 

7. Why are adjectives inflected and what are the three 
degrees of comparison? 

8. When do we use the comparative degree and when the 
superlative degree ? 

9. When is the positive degree used ? 

10. How are adjectives of two or more syllables compared? 

11. What is meant by irreg-ular comparison? 

12. Name adjectives of irregular comparison and compare 
them. 

13. Write out Exercise I and bring to the class for correc- 
tion. Deduct two per cent for each error. 

14. What is an adverb ? Illustrate by sentences. 

15. What can be said about adverbs ending in "ly'^? 

16. Show by a sentence how adverbs can never be used as a 
predicate attribute or as a predicate attribute of the object. 

17. Explain how an adjective should never be added to an 
adverb. 

18. Give six ideas expressed by adverbs and a sentence to 
illustrate each. 

19. What are modal adverbs? Name them, and use them in 
sentences. 

20. What are interrogative adverbs? Name them and use 
them in sentences. 

21. How are adverbs compared? Give illustrations. 

22. Write out Exercise II, bring it to the class for correc- 
tion. Deduct two per cent for each error. 

23. Tell how a noun or pronoun in the possessive case may 
be added to a noun to limit it. Give examples. 

24. How is the possessive noun written, and how is the 
possessive pronoun written? 



GRAMMAR. 51 

25. Name several possessive pronouns. 

26. When is a noun or pronoun said to be in the possessive 
case ? 

27. How is tlie possessive singular of nouns formed? Give 
examples. 

28. How is the possessive plural of nouns formed if the 
plural ends in s ? Give examples. 

29. How is the possessive plural of nouns formed if the 
plural does not end in s'f Give examples. 

30. Work out Exercise 111. 

31. Write a sentence where a noun or pronoun is added to 
a noun to explain it and in what case is this noun or pronoun? 
Notice that these nouns are used as adjectives, although it is called 
the appointive use. 

32. Show by a sentence what care should be used in forming 
the appositive case of pronouns. 

oo. Write out Exercise IV and bring to the class for correc- 
tion. Deduct hve per cent for each error. 

34. Throughout these questions you will frequently come 
across the word "substantive." What does substantive mean? 

35. We will now take up sentences in which we have a noun 
used as an adverb. These are called ^'adverbial substantives." 
Wlien is a noun used as an adverbial substantive ? Give a sentence 
to illustrate each part of the definition. 

36. In what case is a noun or pronoun used as an adverbial 
substantive? What other name for the adverbial substantives? 

37. Define indirect object. 

38. Write a sentence in which a noun is used as an indirect 
object. Write a sentence in which a pronoun is used as an indirect 
object. 

39. In what case is a noun or pronoun when it is used as an 
indirect object? 

40. Write sentences showing the different ideas expressed 
by adverbial objectives. 

41. Write out Exercise V and bring to the class for correc- 
tion. Deduct four per cent for each error. 

42. Select the indirect object in Exercise VI. 

43. Show by sentences that word adjuncts may be compound 
or as we might say, "a series." 

44. How should compound word adjuncts or a series be 
punctuated ? 

45. Write out Exercise A^II and bring to the class for cor- 
rection. 



52 GRAMMAR. 

46. Select five sentences from your reading lesson of yester- 
day, analyze them; be sure to select the adjective and adverbial 
word adjuncts. 

47. Do the work required in Exercise YIII. 

48. Ulpon what is the drill work of this month based? 

49. Give the rule in regard to adjectives following copulative 
verbs. 

50. Write out Exercise IX. Exchange your work with mem- 
bers of your class. Deduct ten per cent for each error. 

51. When should the comparative degree of adjectives and 
adverbs be used ? Give examples. 

52. When should the superlative degree of adjectives and 
adverbs be used ? Give examples. 

53. Write out Exercise X and bring to the class for correc- 
tion. Deduct ten per cent for each error. 

54. What can be said about words ending in "ly"? 

55. Write the sentences suggested in Exercise XI. 

56. What are appositives? (Eefer back) and why is it 
important to use appositives ? 

57. Give several short sentences. Rewrite them by making 
one of tlie two sentences appositive. Be sure to punctuate cor- 
rectly. 

58. Write the sentences required in Exercise XX. Exchange 
with your classmates. Xotice the punctuation of each. 

59. Tell why we should eliminate the use of "those, and 
these kind?" Instead of this what should we say? 

60. Write the sentences required in Exercise XXI. Read 
them for your teacher in class. 

61. What part of speech should follow the copulative verbs 
he, become, look, feel, smell, taste, etc.? 

62. Be prepared to give Exercise XXII orally in the reci- 
tation. 

63. Show by a sentence that an adjective should never be 
added to an adverb. 

64. Give the sentences required in Exercise XXIII. 

65. What can be said about the use of "worser" and other 
double negatives? 

m. Write out Exercise XXIY. 

67. What can be said about the misuse of degree forms? 

68. Write the sentences required in Exercise XXV. 

69. Tell how good, lueil, most, and almost are often misused. 

70. Write the sentences required in Exercise XXVI. 

71. Tell how to punctuate an appositive. 

72. Punctuate the sentences in Exercise XXVII. 



GRAMMAR. 53 

73. Tell how to punctuate a series. 

74. Punctuate the sentences in Exercise XXVIII. 

75. Tell how to form an outline where there are subtopics, 

76. Each pupil in the class outline at least two of the topics 
mentioned in Exercise XXIX. 

77. Tell about the spelling of the word "too." 

78. What is the special aim for the composition for this 
month ? 

79. Turn back in your grammar and review the work on the 
"unity of compound and complex sentences." 

80. Notice the analysis of, the series of paragraphs from 
geography, also the outline of these paragraphs how they show the 
main and the subordinate ideas. By the analysis and the outline, 
we gain a deeper insight into the paragraph. 

81. Notice the analysis of the series of paragraphs from your 
history, also the outline of these paragraphs how they show the 
main and subordinate ideas. By the analysis and the outline, we 
gain a deeper insight into the paragraph. 

82. Do the work required in Exercise XXX. 

83. What can be said about variety in the use of words par- 
ticularly adjectives and adverbs? 

84. Name the leading overworked adjectives and adverbs. 

85. What can be said about the use of "awful" and "nice"? 

86. What are some of the words that should be used for 
good, had, large, long, awful, and nice? 

87. What can be said about outlines for single paragraphs 
and outlines for a series of paragraphs ? 

88. Do the outline work required in Exercise XXXI. 

89. What work should be done this month with paragraphs? 

90. Xotice the outline in your grammar on a single para- 
graph, also the outline on a series of paragraphs. 

91. Select a paragraph from your reading lesson; take the 
longest sentence in the paragraph and analyze it in the form of a 
paragraph. 

92. Notice how the narrative in your grammar forms a para- 
graph. Go through this narrative and select the definite, de- 
scriptive adjectives and adverbs. In our conversation or composi- 
tion we must use definite words. Ex. "Henry is an agreeable 
fellow," not a "fine fellow." 

93. Go through the description given in your grammar and 
select the definite, descriptive, adjectives and adverbs. 

94. Write a narrative on ^ne of the subjects given in your 
grammar. Go through it and see how many definite, descriptive 
adjectives and adverbs you have used. 



54 GRAMMAR. 

95. Write a description on one of the subjects given in your 
grammar. Go through it and see how many definite, descriptive 
adjectives and adverbs you liave used. 

96. What is said in your grammar about the friendly letter? 

97. Eead the friendly letter given in your grammar. 

98. Do the work required in Exercise XXXII. 

QUESTIONS ON GRAMMAR— FOURTH MONTH- 
EIGHTH YEAR. 

1. What is a prepositional phrase? 

2. Write a sentence containing a prepositional phrase, also 
show how a prepositional phrase may be compound. 

3. What is a preposition? 

4. Tell when to use at, to, in, and into, and give sentences 
to illustrate. 

5. Tell what case form of pronouns should be used after 
prepositions. Name the pronouns which should be used in the 
objective case. 

6. Tell how we should be especially careful about the case 
form of a pronoun when there is a compound object. Give exam- 
ples. 

7. Write out Exercise I and bring to the class for correc- 
tion. 

8. Give a rule for the use of the word ^^like" and tell how 
we make common mistakes in the use of this word. Illustrate with 
sentences. 

9. What is a participial phrase? Give an example. 

10. What is a participle? Give examples. 

11. How are participles classified as to form? Give exam- 
ples. 

12. Tell how a perfect participle is made. Give five exam- 
ples. 

13. Show by giving two sentences that a participial phrase 
may consist of a present participle and its modifiers. 

14. Show by giving two sentences that a participial phrase 
may consist of a past participle and its modifiers. 

15. Show by giving two sentences that a participial phrase 
may consist of a perfect participle and its modifiers. 

16. Show by giving two sentences that a participle may be 
used independently with a noun or pronoun to make up a phrase. 
What is the name of this phrase, and in what case is the noun or 
pronoun ? 



GRAMMAR. 55 

17. Give the four different ways in which a participle can be 
used and give a sentence to illustrate each use. 

18. Tell how the participial phrase should be used by chil- 
dren in speaking and writing to give variety. 

19. Give some of the models suggested by the State Course 
of Study. 

20. Write the sentences required in Exercise II. 

21. Write a theme as suggested in Exercise III using the 
participial phrase. 

22. What is meant by clearness, of reference of a participle? 

23. What can be said about the "dangling participle'^? 

21. Give two sentences containing the "dangling participle'' 
and correct them. 

25. Do the work required in Exercise IV. 

26. Write the ten sentences called for in Exercise V; be 
careful that you do not have "dangling participles." 

27. Show by sentences that a compound participial phrase 
adjunct forms a series and that the members should be separated 
by commas. 

28. Show by analyzing a sentence how we should go into 
detail when w^e analyze a sentence containing a participial phrase. 

29. Analyze the sentences in Exercise VI. 

30. What is the special drill work for this month? 

31. What can be said about prepositions taking pronouns for 
objects ? 

32. Name the objective case forms of the pronouns. 

33. Show how a preposition can take a compound object. 
Correct these sentences : "He handed the oranges to Frank and I." 
"They ordered us to read for Sarah and he." 

34. Correct the sentences in Exercise VII and explain why 
they are incorrect. 

35. In what way should we be careful about the use of par- 
ticipial phrases? 

36. Correct the sentences in Exercise VIII. 

37. Tell about the elimination of the nominative case of 
pronouns for the objective case, and show by a sentence what is 
meant by this. 

38. What can be said about the use of the word "like"? 

39. Write the sentences required in Exercise IX. 

40. Give sentences in which you use at, to, and in correctly. 

41. Explain how "different from" is often misused. 

42. What about the use of "differ with"? 

43. Write the sentences required in Exercise X. 

44. Do the work required in Exercise XL 



56 GRAMMAR. 

45. Review the use of the ^^dangling participle." 

46. Write the sentences required in Exercise XII. 

47. ^ How can we eliminate the "dangling participle" from 
our compositions? Give examples. 

48. Give sentences and punctuate them to show that a comma 
should set off a participial phrase coming before or after the 
subject. 

49. What are the two classes of participial phrases? Give 
examples. 

50. Which class of the particiijial phrase is set off by com- 
mas? Give examples. 

51. How punctuate a participial phrase that precedes the 
word it modifies? Give examples. 

52. Punctuate the sentences in Exercise XIII. 

53. Tell about the spelling to to, too, and two. 

54. Eead what is given under Exercise XIV. 

55. Give the rule for the spelling of words when they end in 
silent final e and a syllable is taken on beginning with "ing^^ and 
"ed." Give words illustrating this rule. Give exceptions to this 
rule. 

50. Tell how to spell monosyllables and words accented on 
i\\Q last syllable ending in a final consonant preceded by a single 
vowel when taking on a syllable beginning with "ing" or "ed." 
Give w^ords to illustrate. 

57. Write the words required in Exercise XV. 

58. Tell about the spelling of the word "participial." 

59. What is the special aim of the composition work for this 
month ? 

60. In what three ways can we secure variety in the begin- 
ning and end of sentences? Illustrate by giving sentences. 

61. Write the theme required in JExercies XVI. t 

62. Tell how we can secure variety in words for composi- 
tions? Give examples. 

63. Tell about the outline work for this month. Refer back 
in your grammar to the outline on the verb. 

64. Do the work required in Exercise XVII. 

65. What paragraph work is to be done this month ? 

66. Tell how we can form a paragraph from the written 
analysis of a sentence. 

67. Analyze the sentences required in Exercise XVIII. 

68. Notice the model in your grammar on the explanation 
of a process and opinion. 



GRAMMAR. 57 

69. Using tlie model given in your grammar, choose one of 
the subjects mentioned and write a paragraph of explanation of a 
process and a paragraph on explanation of opinion. 

70. Tell how we should punctuate conversation or dialogue. 

71. How should a quotation be separated from the rest of 
the sentence, and when should a new paragraph begin? 

72. How should a quotation begin, and how should a broken 
quotation be punctuated? 

73. Notice the punctuation of the sentences given in your 
grammar. 

74. Teacher should read ten sentences from your reader con- 
taining quotations and let pupils punctuate them. 

75. Notice the narrative dialogue using pronouns as objects 
of prepositions given in your grammar. Write one similar. 

76. Notice the dramatic dialogue given in your grammar. 
Write one similar. 

77. Speak of a business letter under the following heads: 
form, left hand margin, punctuation of salutation, salutation to 
be used in addressing a firm, length, writing, meaning and use of 
unfamiliar words, signature, proper closing phrases. 

78. Notice the model in your grammar for a business letter 
of application. 

79. Write the three letters required in Exercise XXIX. 

QUESTIONS ON GRAMMAR— FIFTH MONTH— EIGHTH 

YEAR. 

1. What clause adjuncts are to be taken up this month ? 

2. What is an adjective claus^? Give at least three sen- 
tences containing adjective clauses. 

3. What is the proper position for the adjective clause? 
Show by sentences that when the adjective clause is misplaced the 
meaning is not clear. 

4. Define conjunctive pronouns. 

5. Name the conjunctive pronouns, and by what other name 
are they also known? 

6. Explain the double office of the conjunctive or relative 
pronoun. Show by a sentence. 

7. When should we use who', when which, and when that? 
Give sentences. 

8. What about the use of what? 

9. What are the three case forms of the pronoun who? 
Give sentences to show their correct use. 

10. Work out Exercise I. 



58 GRAMMAR. 

11. What is the possessive case of that and luhich? Give a 
sentence and write out Exercise II. 

12. What is a conjunctive adverb? Illustrate this definition 
by a sentence. 

13. Do the* work required in Exercise III. 

14. Show how an adjective clause can be changed into an 
adejctive phrase, and an adjective phrase into an adjective clause. 

15. Write out the sentences required in Exercise IV. 

16. Define noun clause. What about the use of the word 
"that^^ in a noun clause? 

17. In what way can a noun clause be used? 

18. Use in a sentence a noun clause used as a subject, as 
the object, used as the predicate attribute, as an appositive, as the 
object of a preposition. 

19. Show by a sentence when a noun clause is an adjunct. 

20. Classify the sentences given in Exercise V. 

21. Tell how the word "that" introduces a noun clause used 
as the subject or predicate attribute. Give examples. 

22. Show by sentences that adjective clauses can be com- 
pound and are punctuated as a series. 

23. Notice the analysis of the sentence containing the ad- 
jective clause in your grammar. 

24. Write out the analysis of the sentences given in Exer- 
cise VI. Make two lessons out of this. 

25. What is the special drill work for this month? 

26. What is the objective case form of the pronoun who? 
Show by giving a sentence. 

27. Choose the correct form of the pronoun in Exercise VIT. 
Deduct ten per cent for eacfi error. 

28. What is the object of changing clauses to phrases and 
phrases to clauses? 

29. Write out Exercise VIII. 

30. What expressions are we to eliminate as given in the 
fifth month's work? 

31. Why is it not correct to say, "the dog who," "the man 
which" and "the book what"? 

32. Do the work required in Exercise IX. Correct in class. 
Deduct two per cent for each error. 

33. Give the rule for the punctuation of the co-ordinate 
members of clauses. 

34. What is the difference in the punctuation of a non- 
restrictive and restrictive adjective clause? Give examples. 

35. Punctuate the sentences in Exercise X. Bring to the 
class for correction. Deduct two per cent for each error. 



GRAMMAR. 5& 

36. How are the plurals of figures, signs, words, letters, etc. 
spelled? Give examples. 

37. Do the review work required in Exercise XI. 

38. What is the special aim for this month^s composition 
Avork ? 

39. Do the work required in Exercise XII. 

40. Tell how we can gain a clearer insight into the com- 
position of a paragraph. 

41. Bring to the class the work required in Exercise XIII. 

42. Tell how we can secure variety in the type of sentences 
used. 

43. Change the sentences as called for in Exercise XIV. 

44. What theme work will be dealt with this month? 

45. What is the first step in writing a theme, the second, 
the third ? 

46. Notice the main topics marked with Eoman numerals, 
the subtopics with figures, and then the topics under the sub- 
topics marked with figures in curves, on the subject "Practical 
Methods of Trapping.^' 

47. Do the outline work required in Exercise XV. 

48. Analyze the sentences required in Exercise XVI. Form 
a paragraph of each. 

49. What is said in your grammar in regard to writing 
descriptions ? 

50. Write a description in paragraph form on one of the 
subjects suggested ; be sure you use some sentences with adjective 
clauses and participial phrases. 

51. What is said in your grammar in regard to writing 
narratives ? 

52. Write a narrative in paragraph form on one of the sub- 
jects suggested; be sure you use some complex sentences with 
adjective clauses, also some participial phrases. 

53. Tell about the friendly letter under the following heads : 
heading, date, salutation, body, closing phrase. 

54. Write the friendly letter suggested in Exercise XVII. 

QUESTIONS ON GRAMMAR— SIXTH MONTH— EIGHTH 

YEAR. 

1. Define the adverb clause. Illustrate. 

2. In what two ways are adverbial clauses joined to the 
words they modify? Give examples of each. 

3. Name the principal conjunctive adverbs and the principal 
subordinate conjunctions. 



60 GRAMMAR. 

4. What is an adverbial clause of time? 

5. By what words may adverbial clauses of time be con- 
nected to the word they modify? 

6. Write sentences showing adverbial clauses of time con- 
nected to the word they modify by ivhen, whenever, as, after, before, 
while, until, and since. 

7. What can be said about the meaning and proper use of 
the word "until" ? 

8. What is the work of the subordinate conjunction? Give 
a sentence and explain. 

9. What is the work of a conjunctive adverb? Give a sen- 
tence and explain. 

10. What is an adverbial clause of place? 

11. W^hat are the leading connecting words in the adverbial 
clauses of place? 

12. Write sentences with the adverbial clauses of place con- 
nected to the words they modify by where, wherever, whence, 
whither. 

13. What is an adverbial clause of manner? 

14. What are the leading words used to connect adverbial 
clauses of manner to the word they modify? 

15. Write sentences with the adverbial clauses of manner con- 
nected to the words they modify by as and as if. 

16. What can be said about the use of like as a clause con- 
nective ? 

17. What is an adverbial clause of degree? 

18. What are the leading words used to connect adverbial 
clauses of degree to the word they modify? 

19. Write sentences with the adverbial clauses of degree con- 
nected to the words they modify by as, than, and that. What other 
name for this clause? 

20. Show by sentences that adverbial clauses can be com- 
pound. 

21. Show how to analyze a sentence containing an adverbial 
clause. 

22. Write the analysis of the sentences in Exercise T. Make 
two lessons of this. ' 

23. What is the special drill work for this month? 

24. What is the idea expressed in the word "until?" Illus- 
trate. 

25. When should "as if" be used? Ilhistrate. 

26. Write the sentences required in Exercise II. 



GRAMMAR. 61 

37. Why should we know how to change adverbial clauses to 
participial phrases and the reverse? 

28. Write three sentences of your own each containing an 
adverbial clause; rewrite each changing the adverbial clause to a 
participial phrase. 

29. Change the sentences in Exercise 111 to secure variety. 

30. Tell why it is wrong to use an objective case form of 
pronoun after *'as/' and "than." Show by sentences. 

31. Write the sentences required in Exercise III. 

32. Write the sentences required in Exercise IV. 

33. What can be said about the use of the word "until" for 
the word "before ?" Illustrate by sentences. 

34. Write the sentences required in Exercise V. 

35. Tell how we should use ^'rather-than" instead of "rather- 
as." Illustrate by sentences. 

36. Write the sentences required in Exercise VI. 

37. Do the work required in Exercise VII. 

38. Tell how to punctuate the members of a series of adverb 
clauses. 

39. Punctuate the sentences in Exercise VIII. 

40. Tell how to punctuate an adverb clause when it stands 
first in the sentence. 

41. Punctuate the sentences in Exercise IX. 

42. What is the special aim for the composition work this 
month and what is said in regard to oral composition ? 

43. Be prepared to give the oral work required in Exercise X. 

44. Give suggestions for the use of subordinate connective 
words. 

45. Write the friendly letter required in Exercise XI. 

46. What is said about the outline work for this month? 

47. Do the outline work required in Exercise XII. , 

48. In writing our paragraph themes for this month take up 
the narrative first. 

49. How^ can we make the time of the narrative definite ? 

50. Show how time can be made definite by the use of adver- 
bial clauses, also name several words that can be used to make time 
definite. 

51. Select one of the subjects given in Exercise XIII. Write 
a paragraph on this subject and try to make time definite by using 
adverbial clauses, phrases, and words. 

52. What can be said about the explanation of a process and 
the time order? 



62 GRAMMAR. 

53. Select one of the subjects given in your grammar on the 
explanation of processes and write a paragraph on it. Be sure to 
use clauses and phrases that will make the time order clear. 

54. How is description made interesting? Give an example. 

55. If you study the poem, ''Sohrab and Eustum/^ you will 
find a number of these literary comparisons. Underline them. 

56. What is said about common place comparisons in our 
compositions? Give an example of a common place comparison. 

57. Show by a sentence how we can compare unlike things 
that have a resemblance in only one or two respects. 

58. What can be said about the use of comparisons in narra- 
tions ? 

59. Choose two of the subjects that I have given in the gram- 
mar for descriptions. Write a theme of one paragraph on it and 
do not forget to bring in several comparisons. 

60. Choose two of the subjects that I have given in the gram- 
mar for narratives or for a combination of narratives and descrip- 
tions. Write a theme of one paragraph, be sure to bring in several 
comparisons. 

61. Explain how a dialogue can be written in a formal way^ 
and how it should then be punctuated. 

62. What is the most practical form of dialogue to use, and 
how punctuate it? 

63. How is a quotation punctuated? Suppose it is broken 
by "said he," "said she," etc. 

64. In dialogue, how often do we form paragraphs? 

65. Tell how we should vary the expressions "said he," and 
"said she." 

QG. Write a conversation suggested by one of the subjects in 
Exercise XIV; be very careful about punctuation and paragraph- 
ing. Hand it to your teacher for correction. 

67. Speak of the business letter under the following heads: 
appearance, legibility, form and arrangement, standards of the 
mechanics of this kind of work. 

68. Notice the model in your grammar and write the busi- 
ness letter required in Exercise XV. 

QUESTIONS ON GRAMMAR— SEVENTH MONTH- 
EIGHTH YEAR. 

1. What is an adverb clause of cause? • 

2. Write four sentences each containing an adverbial clause 
of cause. 



GRAMMAR. 63 

3. Name subordinate conjunctions which connect tlie sub- 
ordinate clause showing cause to the principal clause. 

4. What is an adverbial clause of evidence? 

5. Write three sentences each containing an adverbial clause 
of evidence. 

6. What subordinate conjunction is used to connect th'' 
subordinate clause of evidence to the principal clause? 

7. What is an adverbial clause of condition? 

8. Write four sentences each containing an adverbial clause 
of condition. 

9. What subordinate conjunctions are used to connect the 
subordinate clause of condition to the principal clause ? 

10. What is said about the use of 'Vithout'^ and "except" 
as connectives in adverbial clauses of condition? 

11. Wliat is an adverbial clause of concession? 

12. Write four sentences each showing an adverbial clause 
of concession. 

13. What subordinate conjunctions are used to connect the 
subordinate clauses of concession to the main clause? 

14. Show how concession can be shown by omitting the con- 
junctive word. Give examples. 

15. What is a compound adverbial clause? 

16. Write tw^o sentences each showing a compound adverbial 
clause. 

17. How are the members of a compound adverbial clause 
connected ? 

18-. Show by sentences how adverbial clauses can be changed 
to participial phrases. 

19. Write out Exercise I. 

20. Tell how to analyze sentences containing adverbial 
clauses. 

21. Analyze the sentences in Exercise II. Make two lessons 
of this. 

22. What is the special drill work for this month? 

23. With what clauses are when, while, before, and afte7^ 
used? 

24. With what clauses are hecause, as, and for used? 

25. With what clauses are if and unless used? 

26. With what clauses are though and although used? 

27. What can be said about the use of the word sithce in 
regard to being a clause connective? 

28. What can be said about the use of the word for in regard 
to being a clause connective? 



64 GRAMMAR. 

29. What can be said about the use of unless in regard to 
being a clause connective ? 

30. Write out Exercise III. 

31. What does the Course of Study say in regard to using 
clauses of concession that are not introduced by a connecting word ? 
Give examples. 

32. What is the value in knowing how to change clauses to 
phrases, and back again? 

33. Select the sentences as required in Exercise IV. 

34. What about the use of "without" and "except" for 
"unless" ? 

35. What is the typical sentence given in the Course of 
Study containing "unless" ? 

36. Write five sentences of your own showing the correct use 
of "unless." 

37. Write sentences showing the correct use of "without" 
and "except." 

38. Do the work required in Exercise V. 

39. When is "and" used as a connective? Illustrate. 

40. When is "also" used as a connective? Illustrate. 

41. When is "too" used as a connective? Illustrate. 

42. When is "likewise" used as a connective? Illustrate. 

43. When are "more over," "besides," and "furthermore'^ 
used as connectives ? Illustrate. 

44. Fill the blanks in Exercise VI. 

45. Tell how to punctuate a clause beginning with "for.'' 
Illustrate. 

46. Write the sentences required in Exercise VII. 

47. Tell how an enumeration of participles should be punc- 
tuated? Show by giving sentences. 

48. Punctuate the sentences in Exercise VIII. 

49. How can we secure variety in the use of words? 

50. Explain how we can vary our clauses of time. 

51. Explain how we can vary our clauses of condition- 

52. W^hy can we not use "without" and "except" as variants 
for "unless"? 

53. How should co-ordinate subordinate clauses begin? Show 
by examples. 

54. I)o the work required in Exercise IX. 

55. What kind of composition work is to be done this 
month ? 

56. Outline the kinds of clauses from memory. 

57. Do the outline work required in Exercise X. 



GRAMMAR. 65 

58. TeJi how our explanations tliis month shoukl be in the- 
nature of an argument. 

59. Write the theme required in Exercise X^, but notice the 
outline in your grammar on "A term of school should be shortened 
for the following reasons." 

60. How many paragraphs could be made on the outline 
given in your grammar? 

01. For an eighth gi'ade pupil how niauv paragraphs should 
be made? 

62. What is the object of our writing of friendly letters this 
month ? 

63. Write at least two friendly letters as suggested under 
Exercise XI. Be sure to bring in argument whose purpose is 
persuasion in your letters. 

64. Write at least one of the letters suggested in Exercise 
XII. 

65. What is meant by a formal note and how is a formal 
note written ? Xotice the model given in your grammar for a 
formal note, also a reply declining, and a reply accepting. 

66. Do the work required in Exercise XITI. 

QUESTIONS ON GRAMMAR— EIGHTH MONTH- 
EIGHTH YEAR. 

1. AYhat are the two main classes of verbs? 

3. Define the copulative verb, and give a sentence contain- 
ing, a copulative verb. 

3. Name the principal copulative verbs. 

4. What is an attributive verb? Give an example. 

5. How are attributive verbs classified ? 

6. What is a transitive verb ? Illustrate. 

7. What is an intransitive verb? Illustrate. 

8. What is meant by the principal parts of a verb? Illus- 
trate. 

9. What about the agreement of h verb? 

10. Show by a sentence how the third person singular form 
must agree with the subject. 

11. What is a verb of the old conjugation? Illustrate. 

12. What is a verb of the new conjugation? Illustrate. 

13. Conjugate the verb ^^e'' and "have'' through the six 
tenses, indicative mode. 

14. What are verbals? Give examples. 

15. What are the three classes of verbals? 

16. What is a verb phrase? Illustrate. 



66 GRAMMAR. 

17. Into what two principal classes are verb phrases divided? 

18. Define a copulative verb phrase and illustrate. 

19. Define an attributive verb phrase and illustrate. 

20. Into what classes are the attributive verb phrases 
divided ? 

21. What is a transitive attributive verb phrase? Illustrate. 

22. What is an intransitive attributive verb phrase? Illus- 
trate. 

23. How is a future tense verb phrase made ? Give an 
example. 

24. How is the present perfect tense made? Give an ex- 
ample. 

25. How is the past perfect tense made ? Give an example. 

26. How are the progressive verb phrases made and what 
are their uses? Give examples. 

27. How are the passive verb phrases made? 

28. How is a sentence changed from the active to the passive 
voice ? 

29. Explain what is meant by the "passive verb habit." 

30. Write out Exercise I. 

31. What is an infinitive? 

32. Name ten common uses of the infinitive and give a 
sentence to illustrate each use. 

33. Show by a sentence that an infinitive and a noun or 
pronoun may be used together as the object of a verb. 

34. Explain what is meant by the subject of an infinitive. 

35. In what case is the subject of an infinitive? 

36. What is the important thing to be remembered about 
pronouns used as subjects and pronouns used as objects? 

37. What case form of the pronoun should be used as the 
subject of an infinitive ? Show by examples. 

38. Name the objective case forms of pronouns. 

39. Define the gerund. 

40. Give six uses of the gerund and illugtrate each with a 
sentence. 

41. Work out Exercises II. Bring to the class to be cor- 
rected. Deduct two per cent for each error. Before you begin 
be sure you know the uses of the infinitive, gerund and participle. 
Turn back in your grammar and review the use of the participle. 

42. What is mode? 

43. Wliat are the three modes? 

44. Define each mode and give an example. 

45. Which mode is the mode of fact and which is the mode 
of supposition? 



GRAMMAR. 67 

46. When is "were'^ used with I, he, she, it, and with sin- 
gular nouns? Give eight examples. 

47. Explain what is meant by independent elements. 

48. Give sentences showing nouns used as w^ords of address. 
How are nouns in address punctuated ? 

49. In what case are nouns in address? 

50. What are parenthetical expressions? 

51. Give five sentences showing parenthetical expressions and 
how are they punctuated? 

52. Name several words that are often used parenthetically. 
Name several phrases. 

53. Explain what is meant by a nominative absolute phrase. 
Give three sentences each containing a nominative absolute phrase, 

54. Eeview-^he es'sential elements of the sentence. 

55. Tell about the end punctuation of the sentence. 
o6. Review nouns — common, proper. 

57. Eeview number — singular, plural. 

58. Review case — nominative, possessive, objective. 

59. Eeview capitalization of nouns. 

60. Eeview pronouns — personal, subject forms, object forms. 

61. Eeview relative pronouns — who, which, what, that, and 
wdiom (objective). 

62. Eeview indefinite pronouns, also adjective pronouns. 

63. Eeview possessive pronouns (How to write them). 

64. Eeview copulative, attributive, transitive, and intransi- 
tive verbs. 

65. Eeview verbals — infinitives, participles and gerunds. 

66. Eeview verb phrases — copulative and attributive. 

67. Eeview tense — present, past, future. 

68. Eeview tense phrases — future, present perfect, past per- 
fect. 

69. Eeview mode — indicative, subjunctive, and imperative. 

70. Eeview adjective adjuncts — words, phrases, clauses. 

71. Eeview adverbial adjuncts — words, phrases, clauses. 

72. Eeview the kinds of sentences — simple, compound, and 
complex. 

73. Write a sentence with an adjective clause, a sentence 
with a noun clause, and a sentence with an adverb clause. 

74. Go through your grammar and write all the rules en 
punctuation that you have had. 

75. Do the work required in Exercise ITT. 

76. Classifv the verbs in Exercise TY. 

77. What is the special drill work for this month? 

78. What is a progressive verb phrase? Give examples. 



68 GRAMMAR. 

79. Write the progressive forms of the verbs given in Exer- 
cise Y. 

80. How is an active verb or verb phrase changed to a passive 
and has the verb phrase lost or gained in force? 

81. Write five sentences each containing an active verb phrase 
and change the verb phrase to passive. 

82. Write the sentences required in Exercise VI. 

83. When is ''were" used with singular subjects? Give ex- 
amples. 

84:. Write the work required in Exercise VII. 

85. Write the sentences required in Exercise VIII. 

86. Complete the sentences required in Exercise IX. 

87. Write the sentences required in Exercise X. 

88. Show by three sentences of your own how a word in 
address should be punctuated. 

89. Show by three sentences of your ov<-ji how parenthetical 
expressions should be punctuated. 

90. Show by three sentences of your own how nominative 
absolute expressions should be punctuated. 

91. Punctuate the sentences given in Exercise XL 

92. What is meant by a semi-exclamatory expression? 

93. How is a semi-exclamatory expression generally punctu- 
ated? Illustrate by sentences. 

91. When is a semi-exclamatory expression set off with an 
exclamation mark? Illustrate by sentences. 

95. What is the special aim for tlie composition work this 
month ? 

96. Explain how we should use the progressive verb phrase to 
express action more accurately tlian we have done in the pasts. 
Give an example. 

97. What can be said about the use of the active form to 
secure force? 

98. When can we use the passive form? 

99. What can be said about the use of the subjunctive mode 
for style? 

100. What can be said about the mastery of the principles of 
correct and effective expressions by the close of the eighth month ? 

101. Teacher will assign several subjects for the pupils to 
prepare a three minute talk. Stick to the subject. 

102. Teacher is to assign the subject for Exercise XIII. 

103. What kinds of composition work is to be done this 
month ? 

104. Outline the work required in Exercise XIV. 



GRAMMAR. 69 

105. Do the outline work required in Exercise XV. 

106. Write a narrative of a page or a page and a half on at 
lease four of the subjects suggested in your grammar. 

107. What can be said about the story of adventure and the 
love story, also about the popularity of the story of adventure? 

108. Give several rules to be observed in the writing of the 
story of adventure. 

109. iSotice the outline of the story of adventure in your gram- 
mar. 

110. Outline one of the subjects given under Exercise XVI. 

111. Write an explanatory theme on one of the subjects under 
Exercise XVII. 

112. W^ite an explanatory theme on one of' the subjects under 
Exercise XVIII. 

113. Write an explanatory theme on one of the subjects under 
Exercise XIX. 

111. Write a descriptive paragraph on one of the subjects men- 
tioned in your grammar. , 

115. What does your grammar say about character sketches? 

116. Write a character sketch on at least two of the persons 
mentioned in your grammar under Exercise XX. 

117. Tell how we should paragraph dialogues? 

118. Prepare a dialogue or conversation on one of the subjects 
mentioned in Exercise XXI. 

119. Write four of the business letters called for in Exer- 
cise XXII. 

120. What is said about the argumental character in friendly 
letters ? 

121. Write the three friendly letters required in Exercise 
XXIII. 

122. Give several definite results to be attained at the end of 
the year. 

123. Define a sentence. 

124. What are the essential elements? 

125. Distinguish between copulative and attributive verbs. 

126. Define a noun. 

127. Give rules for capitalization. 

128. How are plurals formed? 

129. Xame some nouns that have the same form in both singu- 
lar and plural. 

130. Xame some nouns used only in the singular. 

131. Xame some nouns used only in the plural. 

132. Explain how possessives are formed. 



70 GRAMMAR. 

133. What is the collective noun? 

134. Define a verb. 

135. What is a verbal? How are they used? 

136. What is a participle? Illustrate. 
13 V. What IS an infinite? Illustrate. 

138. iS[anie and illustrate the uses of the infinitive. 

139. What is tense? How many tense forms are there? 

140. What tenses are expressed as verb phrases? 

14:1. What is mode? -Name and define each and illustrate. 
14:2. Why doesn^t the verb "be" take an object? 

143. What is an adjunct? 

144. How many kinds or classes of adjuncts are there? 

145. Define adjective. 

146. Define adverb. 

147. What are some of the most common prepositions ? 

148. Explain the difference between in and into ; at and it ; 
between and among. 

149. jSI^ame the common co-ordinate conjunctions. 

150. Xame the common subordinate conjunctions. 

151. What is a conjunctive pronoun? Name them. 

152. Name the personal pronouns. Give their nominative 
forms. Give their objective forms. 

153. Write the possessive pronouns. 

154. Conjugate have^ he, love, go, and pass. 

155. Give a summary of the rules of punctuation. Illustrate 
each. 

156. Write the abbreviations for the months. 

157. How should don't and doesn't be used? 

158. Pronounce correctly ten verbs ending in ing — as, run- 
ning, etc. 

159. What are the three leading kinds of independent ex- 
pressions ? 

160. Explain nominative of address. 

161. Explain nominative absolute. 

162. Explain the meaning of the word parenthetic. 

163. Explain the difference in use between lie and lay. Give 
the principal parts of each. 

164. Use the forms of lie and lay in sentences. 

165. Explain the difference in use of sit and set. Give the 
principal parts of each. 

166. Use sit and set in sentences. 

167. Explain the difference in use between rise and raise. 
Give the principal parts of each. 



GRAMMAR. 71 

168. Use rise and raise in sentences. • 

169. What are the kinds of composition ? Define each. 

170. Tell how to punctuate the quotation. 

171. What are the parts of a letter? Where is each written? 

172. State the difference between a business and a friendly 



letter. 



PHYSIOLOGY. 



QUESTIONS ON PHYSIOLOGY— FIRST MONTH- 
EIGHTH YEAR. 

1. What is meant by circulation? 

2. What is said about the quantity of blood found in vari- 
ous bodies? 

3. Give a good description of the composition of the blood. 

4. What are the two uses of the blood ? 

5. What is the value of the plasma? Of the oxygen? 

6. Where must the blood circulate and w^hy so ? 

7. How does the blood reach the living body cells, what 
does it give to the cells, and what does it receive in return ? 

8. What are the arteries? 

9. Trace the blood from the time the blood and food enter 
the liver until it is purified in the lungs. 

10. What are the two kinds of corpuscles and what is the 
work of each? 

11. What effect does air have upon the blood? 

12. Why is clotting of the blood important? 

13. Tell about the change that takes place in the blood when 
it clots. 

14. What are the blood tubes of the body? 

15. What are the arteries ? Describe them. 

16. What are the veins and what blood do they carry? 

17. What are the capillaries? Tell about them. 

18. Give the structure and location of the arteries. 

19. Give the structure and location of the veins. 

20. Give the structure and location of the capillaries. 

21. Tell about the valves in the veins. 

22. Tell about the general circulation of the blood. 

23. Tell how the blood reaches the lungs, how it is purified 
in the lungs, and how it changes its color. 

24. Give an account of the portal circulation. 

25. What is the heart and why is it necessary ? 

26. Give a full description of the heart. 

27. What are the names of the upper cavities of the heart? 
The lower? 



PHYSIOLOGY. 73 

28. What about the communication between the auricles and 
ventricles? Communication between the right, and left sides o±* 
the heart? 

29. What blood is propelled by the left side of the heart ? By 
the right side? 

30. What is the work of the upper chambers of the heart? 
The lower? 

31. Why must the walls of the ventricles be heavier than 
those of the auricles? 

32. Tell why valves are needed in the heart. 

33. Why are valves needed in the ventricles more than they 
are needed in the auricles? 

34. Describe the structure of the valves and tell how they are 
constructed. 

35. Where is the tricuspid valve? Tlie bicuspid? Semi- 
lunar valves? 

36. Tell about the nerves which regulate the heart. 

37. Tell about the action of the heart — its work and its rest. 

38. How is the flow of the blood regulated? 

39. What can be said about the heart action being dependent 
upon the brain? 

40. Can any one interfere with the beatings of his heart ? 

41. What about the number of pulsations? 

42. Explain how the regulation of the blood does not depend 
altogether upon the heart action. 

43. What about the vaso motor nerves? 

44. What causes blushing? 

45. What effect does heat have upon the blood? 

46. Tell how nature cools us. 

47. What effect does cold have? 

48. Give the effects of chilling the surface of the body. 

49. Trace the circuit of the blood. 

50. Describe the lymph. What is its source? 

51. What is the use of the lymph? 

52. Give an account of the circulation of the lymph. 

53. What is the use of the lymphatic glands ? Describe them. 

54. What happens when any part of the body is cut and what 
would happen if no precautions were taken? 

55. How can we tell when an artery is cut ? If a vein is cut ? 

56. How does nature try to help us if an artery is cut and 
how can we assist nature? 

57. What about "styptics ?'' 

58. How can we stop bleeding from a vein ? From an artery ? 



74 PHYSIOLOGY, 

59. Speak of the uses of the blood ? 

60. If good pure blood is necessary, how can we secure it ? 

61. Tell how the system tries to combat disease germs. 

62. Of what use are the white cells of the blood and give an 
account of their work and tell. how they are often destroyed them- 
selves. 

63. Tell how antitoxins combat bacteria. 

64. Give an account of the different antitoxins. 
6b. Tell about opsonin. 

66. What about athletic training? 

67. What about exercise and excessive exercise? 

68. What is the effect of beer and other alcoholic drinks? 

69. When is alcohol a useful agent? 

70. Tell about the rest which the heart gets, and how alcohol 
stortens the rest periods. 

71. Describe the fatty heart. 

72. What effect does tuberculosis^ pneumonia, and diphtheria 
have upon the heart muscles and the heart itself? 

73. What about the after care following one of the above 
named diseases? 

74. What about the after effects of measles, scarlet fever, and 
diphtheria ? 

75. Give a full account of alcohol upon the blood. 

76. Tell how tobacco affects the heart and what is meant by a 
'^tobacco heart ?^^ 

QUESTIONS ON PHYSIOLOGY— SECOND MONTH- 
EIGHTH YEAR. 

1. What is meant by respiration and what is the main 
object? 

2. Name the organs of respiration. What is meant by the 
respiratory system? 

3. Describe the nose. 

4. What are the two objects of the curved folds in each 
nostril ? 

5. What is the nerve of smell and what about the fine fibers 
of this nerve? 

6. What is the use of the sense of smell? 

7. What is the pharynx? Describe it fully. 

8. Describe the larynx. 

9. What is the trachea? Describe it. 

10. What is the use of the lungs? Describe the lungs. 

11. Give an account of the pleura. 



PHYSIOLOGY. 75 

1^. Give the functions of the organs of respiration. 

13. Give a full account of the lung capacity. 

14. Tell why the ribs move when we breathe. 

15. Tell about the movement of the diaphragm and how this 
enlarges the chest downward. 

16. Describe the diaphragm. 

17. Give the connection between breathing and the dia- 
phragm. 

18. Tell about the experiments of Dr. Mays, of Philadelphia. 

19. What is the original way of respiration and why do we 
have so much chest breathing? 

20. Why is chest breathing not so good for us as abdominal 
breathing ? 

21. When and where is carbon dioxide formed? 

22. How is carbon dioxide formed and of what value is 
oxygen ? 

23. Where does this carbon come from? 

24. How much carbon dioxide is givea off every day? 

25. Give the opinion of some scientists on this subject — 
change in tissues. Give the opinion of others. 

26. What changes does the blood undergo when it passes 
through the lungs? 

27. When does the haemaglobin change its color? 
2S. When does the blood receive oxygen? 

29. Tell how the composition of the blood is changed after it 
passes through the lungs. 

30. How is quiet breathing performed and what are the vari- 
ous modifications of breathing? 

31. What are the bad effects of breathing polluted air? 

32. Tell how the importance of good pure air is becoming 
better understood every day. 

33. What does Black, in his "Ten Laws of Health" say is 
the cause of tuberculosis? 

34. What are two causes of diseases of the air passages or 
lungs ? 

35. Tell how the air in our rooms may become impure. 

36. Give the result of an examination of a number of appli- 
cants for civil service positions. 

37. How many hundred feet of air should ie allowed for each 
pupil in school and how much is allowed? 

38. What is the conclusion of lung specialists of the present 
day? 

39. What is said in regard to using rooms that have been 
closed for a long time? 



76 PHYSIOLOGY. 

40. What about the white plague among the dwellers in 
crowded city tenements? 

41. What is the only safe air to breathe? 

42. How may outdoor air be purified? 

43. Tell how the air of our homes may become foul. 

44. Tell how lung diseases are generally due to germs. 

45. What can be said about insufficient clothing? 

46. How can bacteria of colds be transferred? 

47. Tell how breathing dusty air will affect the tonsils. 

48. When should everyone use a nasal spray? 

49. Give the result of the investigation that was held in 
New York. 

50. Tell why adenoids and other growths in the head and 
throat should be removed. 

51. Speak of the value of cold baths. 

52. Tell about the experiments that have been conducted to 
show that alcohol even in small quantities is injurious to the cells." 

53. Compare a student who did not use alcohol with a student 
who used it. 

54. What are the reports from insurance companies in 
regard to the use of alcohol? 

55. How many deaths occur each year in the United States 
from the effects of alcohol? 

56. Why would persons who used alcohol be more liable to 
have tuberculosis, pneumonia, and other kindred diseases than 
the persons who did not use it? 

57. What is the opinion of all physicians in regard to alcohol 
being an ally of the germ of tuberculosis ? 

58. Give the composition of the air, and tell what it has 
gained and lost after it has passed thru the lungs. 

Speak of the impurities in the air and tell why the watery 
vapor in the air is necessary. 

60. Tell how oxygen is supplied and carbon dioxide used. 

61. How much oxygen is needed to support life? 

62. Why must oxygen be mixed with nitrogen before it can 
be breathed? 

63. What may cause asphyxia and what is the first thing to 
be done? 

64. How does drowning differ from asphyxia? 

65. What should be done in cases of drowning? 

66. How long have people tried before life was restored? 

67. What are the first indications that the patient is recov- 
ering ? 



PHYSIOLOGY. 77 

68. How should the patient be cared for as soon as breathing 
has been restored? 

69. Tell how the air of buildings is made impure. 

TO. What is said about the source of bad odors and bathing? 

71. Give the effects of breathing impure air. 

72. Give the effects of very dry or very moist air. 

73. Why is it important for us to keep up our vitality? 

74. What is said about colds? 

75. Give a few simple and common methods of ventilation. 

76. What is the ideal method of ventilation ? 

77. How is ideal ventilation obtained? 

7S. What about closing a grate when not in use? 

79. Why must we have larger openings for ventilation in 
summer than in winter? 

80. Give a method of ventilating large buildings. 

81. Tell how we should ventilate our school rooms. 

82. Tell how winds, rain, sunlight, and plants purify the 
air. 

83. Give simple tests which illustrate the fundamental prin- 
ciple of ventilation. 

84. Tell about the ventilation of our sleeping rooms. 

85. What about colds and drafts? 

86. When does a system of ventilation fail in the work it 
was intended to perform? 

87. What about ventilating the people as well as the room? 

88. WHiat is one thing that must be taken into consideration 
when discussing the problem of ventilation? 

89. What can be said about "sleeping out^? 

90. Give an account of the open air schools. 

91. Where is the larynx and how is it made? 

92. Tell how nature has provided for the production of the 
human voice. 

93. Describe the vocal cords and tell about the glottis. 

94. Tell about the opening between the vocal cords in ordi- 
nary breathing. 

95. WHiy are women's and children's voices higher pitched 
than men's voices? 

96. Tell how sound is produced. 

97. Compare the human voice with n musical instrument. 
9(S. How is the pitch of the voice produced? 

99. What can be said about the quality of the voice? 

100. Tell how and whv we should train our voice. 

101. Whv are more musical voices formed in the Southern 
St-ife^ thnn in the "NTorthorn? 



178 PHYSIOLOGY. 

QUESTIONS ON PHYSIOLOGY— THIRD MONTH- 
EIGHTH YEAR. 

1. What is the natural temperature of the human body? 

2. What oan be said about the temperature ot the body 
going up two or three degrees or down hve or six degrees ? 

3. Suppose our blood is cooled to 80° ? To 113 "" ? 

4. What is the ett'ect if our temperature goes down? if 
it goes up? 

5. How is the heat of our body distributed? 

6. Upon what does animal heat depend? 

7. What is the temperature of birds? Of mammals? Of 
fishes, reptiles, and most of the lower animals? 

8. What is said about the freezing of cold blooded animals ? 

9. What is the source of our body heat and what does our 
diet have to do with heat? 

10. Tell how food burns in our body. 

11. Why do we have more heat in our bodies when working 
or exercising? 

12. How is the temperature of the body regulated? 

13. How can the body be kept from becoming too warm? 

14. SuDDOse our temperature becomes too low, how are we 
kept from freezing to death? 

15. Tell how the lungs regulate the heat of the body. 

16. How do dogs make up for the lack of sweat? 

17. Tell about the amount of heat the human body can 
endure. 

18. Tell about the tests that were made of the temperature 
of the body. 

19. Tell about the investigations of Dr. Davis in regard to 
alcohol and temperature. 

20. What was the testimony of Dr. Hayes? 

21. What do the people in the cold regions of Canada say 
about alcohol and heat? 

22. If alcohol does not make us warmer, how can we explain 
the agreeable feeling of warmth one experiences after drinking 
alcoholic liquors on a cold day? 

23. Tell about fever and colds. 

24. Tell about excretion. , 

25. What are the waste matters foiinrl in the body? 

26. What organs dispose of carbon dioxide and some water? 

27. How is the remainder of the waste taken care of? 

28. Explain why water is important to the body. 



PHYSIOLOGY. -73 

2d. What about tlie i'orniation of waste matters faster tlian 

the blood can wash them away r 

30. What causes our muscles to become sore and stiff after 
a hard days work? 

31. What about a hot bath being a relief from sore muscles? 

32. What are the two kinds oi solid waste of the body? 

33. Tell about the elimination of much of the soluble waste 
of the body. 

34. Name the organs that remove waste. 

35. Tell about the kidneys under the following heads : im- 
portance, size, location, structure, and function. 

36. Tell about the liver and the bile. 

37. What is the main work of the liver? 

38. Tell about the work of the liver in regard to sugars and 
proteins. 

39. What is the use 4^i the bile? 

40. Tell how we should take care of the liver and kidneys. 

41. How are the kidneys affected by alcoholic drinks? 

42. Tell how alcohol affects the liver. 

43. What is the skin and what are principal uses? 

44. What is the epidermis, cuticle, or scarf skin? 

45. What is the dermis, cutis, or true skin? 

46. Tell about the cells of the epidermis. 

47. Tell about the value of the epidermis. 

48. Tell about the pigment on the lower epidermis. 

49. W'hat about the thickness of the skin? 

50. Give a full description of the dermis. 

51. Tell about the oil or sebaceous glands. 

52. Tell about the sweat or perspiratory glands. 

53. Tell how the skin regulates the temperature of the body. 

54. Give rules for the care of the skin. 

55. W^hat is the commonest infection of the skin and what is 
the cause of this? 

56. Give several skin anti:i3ptics. 

57. Tell about the cleansino- bath. 

58. Tell about the tonic bath. 

59. What are the two modifications of the skin? 

60. Tell how a hair grows. 

61. What causes the hair to seem to stand on ends? 

62. Describe the outside of a l-aii. 

63. Tell about the canal through the center of the hair. 

64. On the average how many hairs on the head? 

65. Tell about the elasticity of the hair. 

66. What effect does fright or emotion have upon the hair? 



so PHYSIOLOGY. 

67. What are the principal uses of the hair? 

68. Tell how the nails grow. 

69. What is the matrix? 

70. Of what are the nails made ? 

71. What are the uses of the nails? 
73. Tell about clothing. 

73. Tell about materials for different seasons of the year. 

74. Why is wool selected as the cloth for general wear? 

75. Why are furs so warm, and what is the value of wool 
over fur? 

76. What is the one disadvantage of wool in summer? 

77. What about silk, wool, cotton, and linen as clothing? 

QUESTIONS ON PHYSIOLOGY— FOURTH MONTH- 
EIGHTH YEAR. 

1. What is meant by the nervows system ? 

2. What two kinds of matter make up the nervous system? 

3. How can the brain be compared to a superintendent of a 
large factory? 

4. What about the voluntary and involuntary action of the 
brain ? 

5. What are the three distinct parts of the brain? 

6. Locate the different parts of the brain. 

7. What is the average weight of the brain? 

8. How is the brain divided and what part of the brain 
controls the right part of the body and vice versa ? 

9. Tell about the coverings of the brain. 

10. What is the use of the white and gray matter? 

11. Give a full description of the nerve cells. 

12. What are nerves and how are the nerves made? 

13. Speak of the size of the nerve threads. 

14. With what two organs have the nerves a connection? 

15. Tell about the shape of the nerve fibers. 

16. How are the nerves protected? 

17. Of what use are the nerves? The nerve centers? 

18.. Give examples of voluntary and involuntary acts of the 
body. 

19. What set of nerve fibers regulate the voluntary acts? 
What set regulates the involuntary acts? 

20. Of what is the cerebro-spinal system of nerves composed ? 

21. Tell about the cerebrum. 

22. Describe the appearance of the cerebrum. 

23. Describe the appearance of the cerebrum of an infant. 
Of a person with great mental powers. 



PHYSIOLOGY. 81 

24. Tell about the connection between the two hemispheres 
of the cerebrum. 

25. Of what use is the cerebrum? 

26. Give a full description of the spinal cord and its value 
to the brain. 

27. How is the spinal cord protected? 

28. Tell about the nerves which spring from the spinal cord. 

29. Tell about the arrangement of the nerve matter in the 
brain used in the spinal cord. 

30. What is ganglia? 

31. How many pairs of cranial nerves and from where do 
they originate? 

32. Give the work of each pair of the cranial nerves. 

33. Prom where do the spinal nerves originate? 

34. How many roots has each spinal nerve? 

35. Tell about the union of the motory and sensory nerves 
and later their separation. 

36. Where do the spinal nerve fibers which started from the 
motory root end? Those which started from the sensory root? 

37. What is the work of each? 

38. Tell about the arrangement of matter in the spinal cord, 
and in what way is the gray matter helpful to the brin? 

39. Give examples of how the spinal cord helps the brain. 

40. What is "reflex action" and what is the value of it? 

41. Tell how habits are formed and how it is a difficult task 
to change them. 

42. Of what does the sympathetic nervous system consist? 
Describe the ganglia. 

43. Of Avhat use is the sympathetic nervous system ? 

44. Tell how rest is essential to the nervous system. 

45. Speak of the importance of sleep. 

46. Tell about the three defined stages of alcohol upon the 
nervous system. 

47. What can be said about a person who has become dead 
drunk? 

48. Give the effects of continued use of alcohol. 

49. Tell about the continued use of tobacco. 

50. Tell about the opium habit. 

51. What danger is there in the moderate use of alcohol, 
tobacco, or opium ? 

52. Tn what five ways do sensations come to the brain? 

53. Whv is the sense of touch often called the '^common 
sense'^ ? 

54. Of what use is the sense of touch ? Of what use is pain? 



82 PHYSIOLOGY. 

55. Where is the sense of touch most fully developed? 

56. Where is the sense of taste located and of what benefit 
to us is this sense? 

57. What are the four tastes and why is the tongue the 
principal organ of taste? 

58. Tell how we often get the sense of taste confused with 
the sense of smell. 

59. What part of the tongue is sensative to salt and bitter 
substances ? What part to sweet and sour substances ? 

60. What is the chief organ of smell? 

61. Tell how odors are perceived^ also give the uses of the 
sense of smell. 

62. Give the use in general of these special sensations. 

63. Wliat is the principal use of the outer part of the ear? 

64. Locate the inner ear and tell about the stony bone. 

65. Tell about the passageway that leads from the outer ear. 

66. How is this passageway cut off from the middle ear? 

67. Describe the middle ear, also the inner ear. 

68. Tell how we hear. 

69. Give the structure and use of each part of the ear. . 

70. Give a full account of how we hear. 

71. Tell about the bones in the ear. 

72. What is the relation of hearing to speech? 

73. Tell how our hearing is affected by growths in the 
throat. 

74. What is the organ of sight? 

75. Tell how the eye is protected. 

76. Describe the first coat or sclerotic coat of the eye. 

77. What is the second coat of the eye called? 

78. Where is the cornea? The iris? The pupil? 

79. What makes the pupil larger or smaller? 

80. Why can we not see when we first step from a well 
lighted room into a darker room ? 

81. Describe the retina semi. 

82. What are the two humors of the eye? Locate each 
and give their use. 

83. Describe the iris. 

84. Tell how we see. 

85. Give rules for the care of the eyes. 

86. Give methods of resting the e^^es during class. 

87. Name five common defects of vision, describe each, and 
tell how each can be remedied. 

88. Give the effect of alcohol, and tobacco upon sense per- 
ceptions. 



GEOGRAPHY. 



QUESTIONS ON GEOGRAPHY— FIRST MONTH- 
EIGHTH YEAR. 

1. What is meant by the word ''universe?" 

2. Of what two systems is the universe composed? 

3. What is meant by the stellar system? 

4. What is the thought of the star clusters which we see 
when we look upon the heavens on a star lit night? 

5. What is a surprising fact that we learn when taking up 
the study of the heavenly bodies? 

6. What is really meant by the solar system and what can 
be said in regard to the number of solar systems ? 

7. What is said about the stars we see at night? 

8. How does our sun compare with other suns? 

9. Compare the size of the earth, moon, and sun. 

10. What can you say about the revolution of these bodies? 

11. What about the revolution of the moon? 

12. How are the members of the solar system held together? 

13. What is the meaning of '^planet" and why such a mean- 
ing? 

14. AVhat are the two divisions of planets? 

15. Locate Mercury and Neptune with reference to the sun. 
How long does it take each to make a revolution? 

16. Give three facts about Jupiter. 

17. What can you say about Saturn? 

18. What about Uranus and its period of revolution? 

19. What is the position of Neptune and why is it difficult 
to see? 

20. Give two good sentences about Mercury. 

21. What can you say about Venus? 

22. Give a good account of the moon. 

23. What are the satellites? 

24. What two major planets have no moons? 

25. What of the moons of the Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, 
Uranus, and Neptune? 

26. Name the eight planets which revolve around the sun. 

27. What planets are visible during September? 

28. How is Mars distinguishable? 



84 GEOGRAPHY. 

29. What are the asteroids? 

30. Give a full account of meteors or shooting stars. 

31. Tell about comets and their classes. 

32. Define point, line, surface, solid, plane surface, circle, 
circumference, radius, diameter, arc, ellipse, foci, major axis, minor 
axis, orbit, plant of the earth^s orbit, perihelion, aphelion, axis, 
north pole, south pole, equator, parallels, meridian, meridian cir- 
cles, prime meredian, rotation, revolution, sphere, and spheroid. 

33. What is the form of the earth? 

34. What is the equatorial diameter, the polar diameter, and 
the circumference? 

35. Give seven proofs of the earth's shape and develop at least 
five of these proofs. 

36. What are the two movements of the earth? 

37. What is meant by rotation? By resolution? 

38. How long does it take the earth to rotate? To revolve 
around the sun? 

39. Give five proofs that the earth rotates and develop at 
least three of these proofs. 

40. Give two proofs that the earth revolves — around the sun. 

41. What is meant by the inclination of the earth's axis, and 
what would be the result if the axis were perpendicular to its orbit ? 

42. What is meant by parallelism? 

43. Make the drawing as called for in the note in your 
geography. 

44. Name the five zones on the earth, give the width of each 
in degrees also the width of each in miles. 

45. Tell how the earth is divided into five zones. 

46. Where is the North Frigid Zone? The South Frigid 
Zone? The Temperate Zones, and the Torrid Zone? 

47. Describe the season in each zone. 

48. Why are our days longer than oilr nights in summer? 
Why are the nights longest in the southern hemisphere? When is 
our longest and shortest day? When is the longest day in the 
southern hemisphere ? Describe the days and L-ights at the equator. 
Tell how the length of the day varies as one goes toward the poles. 
How long are the days at the equator, arctic and antarctic circles, 
and at the poles? 

49. When are the equinoxes ? What does the word "equinox'' 
mean? 

50. IVhen is the summer solstice? The winter solstice? 

51. What are the four points in the earth's orbit and to what 
are they due? 



GEOGRAPHY. 85 

52. What are the three causes for the change of seasons ? 

53. Explain how the inclination of the earth's axis could be 
a cause for the change of seasons. 

54. Explain how the revolution around the sun could be a 
cause of change in seasons. 

55. Explain how the parallelism of the earth's axis could be 
a cause of change of seasons. 

56. Define latitude. Explain why the greatest latitude a 
place can have is 90°. 

57. Define longitude. Explain why the greatest longitude a 
place can have is 180°. 

58. What is the use of latitude and longitude? 

59. When are places in north latitude? When in south 
latitude ? 

60. How are latitude and longitude measured and how ex- 
pressed ? 

61. The teacher should put a list of at least twenty import- 
ant places on the board and require the pupils to find the latitude 
and longitude. 

62. How long does it take for the earth to make a complete 
revolution? Over how many degrees does it pass in twenty-four 
hours? How many degrees does it pass over in one hour? 

63. What are the five standard time belts of the United 
States? Give the width of each in degrees. 

J^OTE. — // time permits, have pupils write on these questions. 

QUESTIONS ON GEOGRAPHY— SECOND MONTH- 
EIGHTH YEAR. 

Note. — Use your geography map. 

1. In what hemisphere is the greater part of Asia? 

2. In what zones does Asia lie? 

3. Tell about the size of Asia. 

4. Give the area of Asia, Africa, ISTorth America, South 
America, Europe, and Australia. 

5. Compare Asia in size with Africa, with North America. 

6. Give the latitude and longitude of Asia, also its length 
and width in miles. 

7. What city in Illinois is near the 40th parallel? 

8. What countries in Asia are crossed by the 40th parallel? 

9. Name the countries wholly north of the 40th parallel. 
Name those wholly south of the 40th parallel. 



86 GEOGRAPHY. 

10. How many countries in Asia? Name them. 

11. Where does the ninetieth meredian cross Illinois? 

12. Name the countries in Asia crossed by the ninetieth 
meredian. 

13. Give the parallels limiting Asia. Those limiting Europe 
and North America. 

14. Make a table showing the area and population of each 
continent. 

15. Which way is Asia from Europe, Africa, North America, 
South America, and Australia? 

16. Bound Asia and give its area and population. 

17. Give an idea of Asia's distance from other countries. 

18. Give advantages and disadvantages of Asia's location. 

19. Tell why Asia is not so well situated as Europe. 

20. Tell why the Americas have the ideal location. 

21. From where to where does the Primary Mountain Eange 
extend? Trace it on your map. What mountains are found in 
these axis ? Find them on your map and be sure you can spell and 
pronounce each correctly. What can you say of the peaks in these 
mountains ? 

22. Locate and describe the great plain of Siberia. 

23. Where are the tundra ? What plants grow here ? What 
animals are found on the tundra? 

24. Tell about the forests south of the tundra and the steppes 
south of the forests. 

25. How is the tundra drained? 

26. What can be said about the plateaus and mountains of 
Asia ? 

27. What about the height of some of the peaks and what 
nickname has been given to them? 

28. What is the highest mountain peak in the world and how 
high is it? Locate it on your map. 

29. Tell what effect these immense barriers formed by nature 
have had both upon plant and animal life, also upon climate. 

30. Give a good description of the plateau of Tibet and 
locate it on your geography. 

31. Locate the Kneu Lun, Thian Shaw, and Altai Mountains 
on your map. 

32. What important fact can you give about the Kneu Lun 
Mountains? The Thian Shan? The Altai? 

33. Besides the surface of Asia being crossed by numerous 
mountain ranges, what can you say for her three principal plateaus ? 

34. Locate each plateau on your geography and describe it. 



GEOGRAPHY. 87 

35. Locate and tell about the Mongolian, the Arabian, and 
the Deccan plateaus, 

36. Locate the Ob, Lena, Amur, and Yenisei rivers on your 
geographies and tell about their basins. 

37. Tell about the river basins in India. In China. 

38. Name the principal rivers of Asia and compare them in 
length with the rivers of other continents. 

39. Tell about the coast line and adjacent islands of Asia. 

40. Xame adjacent islands of Asia and locate them. 

41. Give a full description of the climate in various parts of 
Asia. 

42. Name the wind belts in which Asia lies. 

43. Why do the wind belts of Asia not affect the climate as 
much as they do the climate of other continents? 

44. Why is Asia not an area of high pressure? 

45. What is the result since winds blow from regions of 
high pressure to regions of low pressure? 

46. What winds blow over these regions in winter? 

47. What are monsoons and what does this word mean? 

48. Tell about the cyclonic winds and their effects. 

49. Tell how rainfall is distributed by windbelts. 

50. What are the two determining factors in the rainfall of 
Asia? 

51. Tell why India is well watered in summer while the re- 
gion beyond the Himalayas is a desert. 

52. Why has much of Asia a very dry climate? 

53. Give two reasons why Arabia has a dry climate. 

54. Give a full account of the monsoon winds and tell how 
they affect the climate of India. 

55. In what three zones does Asia lie? 

56. W^hy does the climate vary so much w^hen most of Asia 
is in the Temperate Zone? 

57. What about the variation of climate in the frigid and 
torrid zones ? 

58. Tell how altitude affects the temperature. 

59. Describe the climate of the deserts. 

60. Describe the plant life of the far north. 

61. Tell about the forests of Siberia. 

62. What trees are found in the south ? In the middle of the 
warm zone? 

63. What trees are found in the Mediterranean region? In 
the eastern region? 



88 GEOGRAPHY. 

64. What trees are found in the moister lower regions of 
the southern and southeastern parts of Asia? 

65. What trees grow on the mountain slopes? 

66. Tell why we have the grasslands in many parts of Asia 
instead of the forests. 

67. What are the two kinds of steppe lands? 

68. Describe these steppe lands. 

69. Tell about the deserts of Asia — the cold and hot. 

70. What is the population of the northern part of Asia? 

71. What about the population of the savanna and the steppe 
region? 

72. What land is included in the savanna and steppe region? 

73. Where are the regions of moderate rainfall and what is 
the population of this region? 

74. What about the population and rainfall of India and 
eastern China? 

75. Where is the population over 500 to the square mile? 

76. What can be said in resume in regard to rainfall and 
population ? 

77. What are the more important groups of the white race 
represented in Asia? 

78. What is said about the yellow or Mongolian type in Asia ? 

79. Where is the black race found ? 

80. What about the nomadic tribes of Asia? 

81. In what regions is agriculture carried on? 

82. AVhat about manufacturing in Asia? 

83. Where are the tropical plantations? 

84. What can be said about the great mass of the population 
of Asia? 

85: Name at least ten or more of the native wild animals 
of Asia. Tell about the form and habits of at least three of the 
native animals. 

QUESTIONS ON GEOGRAPHY— THIRD MONTH- 
EIGHTH YEAR. 

jSTote. — Have your geography map before you. 

1. What countries of Asia are to be studied during the 
third month? 

2. What does Turkey in Asia embrace? 

3. Describe the surface and soil of Turkey in Asia. 

4. Describe the climate of Turkey in Asia. 

5. Where is Mesopotamia? 

6. How is agriculture carried on in Mesopotamia ? 



GEOGRAPHY. 89 

7. What is the chief city of Mesopotamia? 

8. Compare Mesopotamia in former days with the present. 

9. Where is Syria? The Jordan and the Dead Sea? 

10. Where is Asia Minor? What of, its inhabitants? 

11. What is the leading city of Asia Minor? 

12. What is said about the strip of land east of the Bed 
Sea? 

13. What are the products of Turkey in the various parts? 

14. What about the minerals, internal improvements, and 
roads of Turkey? 

15. Tell about the government of Turkey in Asia. 

16. What are the chief occupations of the people of Turkey 
in Asia? 

17. What effect has the present war had upon the life of the 
people and politically? 

18. Tell about agriculture, herding, farming, and manufac- 
turing in Turkey in Asia. 

19. What is said in regard to Turkey in Asia taking up with 
European ways? 

20. How is their plowing and manufacturing carried on? 

21. What is the most important seaport of Turkey in Asia? 

22. Describe the mode of travel in Turkey in Asia. 

23. Why is commerce in Turkey in Asia very slight? 

24. What is the religion of the people of Turkey in Asia? 

25. Describe the surface of Arabia. 

26. Tell about the soil and climate of Arabia. 

27. ISTame ten agricultural products, three wild animals, and 
five minerals of Arabia. 

28. Tell about the commerce of Arabia. 

29. Describe in full the <?overnment of Arabia. 

30. What is the religion of Arabia? 

31. What are the leading occupations of Arabia? 

32. What about transportation in Arabia? 

33. Describe the surface and climate of Persia. 

34. Name fifteen products of Persia. For what are the 
people of Persia noted? 

35. !N"ame the mineral nroducts of Persia. 

36. De?=cribe the population of Persia. 

37. Tell about the 2-overnment of Persia. 

38. Tell about the surface and climate of Afghanistan. 

39. "Mame ten products of Afghanistan. 

40. Tell about the people of Afsrhanistan. 

41. Describe the q-overnment of Afp'hanistau. 

42. Rpeak of Afghanistan as a ^%iffer state." 



90 GEOGRAPHY. 

43. What about the Amir and the British? 

44. Who owns Eussia in Asia or Siberia? 

45. Why is Siberia not valuable? 

46. Give its size and population. 

47. To whom did Siberia formally belong and what three 
classes make up the Mongolian race? 

48. Of what people is the Slavonic race made ? 

49. Give an idea of the vast extent of Siberia. 

50. What can be said about the surface of Siberia in general ? 

51. What are the four great rivers of Siberia? Trace them 
on the map. 

52. What can be said about the water systems of Siberia ? 

53. What is said about the flow of the rivers and flooding 
in the spring? 

54. Tell about the rainfall, and climate of Siberia. 

55. Tell about the forests and cereals of Siberia. 

56. What can be said about dairying in Siberia. 

57. Give a full account of the Siberian railway. 

58. Give the present conditions in Russia. 

59. Locate Palestine, and tell about its seasons. 

60. Give an account of the history of Palestine. 

61. Give other names for Palestine. 

62. What is the chief city of Palestine? 

63. Tell about the location of Palestine. 

64. Describe the coast and surface of Palestine. 

65. What is the only riVer of importance in Palestine? 
(^6. Tell about the Dead Sea. 

67. Locate Jaffe, and Bethlehem, also the places mentioned 
in your geography. 

68. Tell about Palestine and the present war. 

69. Locate Smyrna and give five good sentences about it. 
Also Mecca and Mocha. 

70. Locate Teheran and give a good account of it. 
71". Locate Damascus and give a good account of it. 

72. Locate Yakutsk and tell about it. Locate Irkutsk and 
tell about it. 

73. Locate Bokhara Maskat, and Kabul and tell about them. 



GEOGRAPHY. 91 

QUESTIONS ON GEOGRAPHY— FOURTH MONTH- 
EIGHTH YEAR. 

Note. — Pupils must have their map before them wlien they 
study these questions. 

1. Name the countries for study during this month. 

'Z. Give the location and size of India. 

3. How is India walled on the west and north? 

4. Where are the Eastern and Western Ghats? 

5. Tell about the plains of India. 

6. What and where is the Tharr? 

7. Speak of the importance of Kyber Pass. 

8. Tell about the black lava soils of the Deccan plateau. 

9. What are the three great rivers of India? Trace them 
on your map. 

10. What can be said about the fertile lands of India? 

11. Tell about the Plain of Hindustan including the Ganges 
River. 

12. What about the people of the Plain of Hindustan ? Name 
the leading products of this plain. 

13. Tell about the monsoon climate of India also about the 
excessive rains of summer. 

14. Tell about the forests of the rainy mountain slopes, 
especially the teak forests of Burma. 

15. Where are the grasslands of India? Describe the Tharr 
desert. 

16. Describe the wild animal life of India from the tropical 
jungle to the cold mountain plateau. 

17. Describe the Hindoos of India: also tell about the caste 
system in India. 

18. Tell about the religion of the Hindoos. 

19. How many Mohammedans, Christians, and Buddhists in 
India ? 

20. What is the chief religion? 

21. Tell about the holy city of Benares. 

22. Compare the population of India with the riopulation of 
the United States. 

23. Tell about the density of population a matter of food 
supply. 

24. What is the leading occupation of India? 

25. Tell where the people who til] the land live. 

26. Tell about the improved machinery of India. 

27. Tell about the soil and irrigation. 



92 GEOGRAPHY. 

38. What are the the leading agi'icultural products of India? 
2d. Describe a tea plantation m India. 

30. Tell about the government of India; also what Great 
Britain has done for India. 

31. What is the Durbar of India? 

32. Give a description of the railways and water transporta- 
tion of India. 

33. Tell about irrigation in India. 

34. Tell about the occasional famine and the plague of 
India. 

35. Tell about the great religions of India. 

36. Locate Ceylon on your geographies. W'hat is its nick- 
name? 

37. Tell about the climate of Ceylon. 

38. Give an account of the vegetation of Ceylon. 

39. Name the leading animals of Ceylon. 

40. Name valuable gems found in Ceylon. 

41. Tell about the population of Cevlon in comparison with 
the British Isles; with United States. 

42. Tell about the religion of Ceylon. 

43. Name the leading agricultural products of Ceylon. 

44. Give an account of tea production in Ceylon. 

45. Name the leading countries of southeastern Asia. 

46. Tell about the surface of all this southeastern Asia. 

47. Name several great rivers of the southeastern region, and 
tell about the alluvial plains in their lower courses. 

48. Trace the leading rivers of southeastern Asia on your 
map. 

49. Tell about the monsoon climate of southeastern Asia; 
also about the deep canons. 

50. Tell about the dense forests and jungles. 

51. What large animals are found in the jungles of south- 
eastern Asia? 

52. Tell about the people and their interests of southeastern 
Asia; also about rice and fishing. 

53. What people and what products are found in the Straits 
Settlements ? 

54. Tell about the tin of the Singapore region. 

55. How is Siam governed? The Straits Settlements? 
Prenoh Indo-China? 

56. Tell about the routes of trade of southeastern Asia. 

57. In what way is Singapore a great commercial cross- 
roads ? 



GEOGRAPHY. . 93 

58. What countries are embraced under the name of the 
General Government of French Indo-China? 

59. How long has France owned these colonies? 

60. Give at least ten good sentences about French Indo- 
China. 

61. Give at least live good statements about Anam. 

62. Give at least five good sentences about Cochin China 
and Cambodia. 

63. Describe the inhabitants of the countries of southeastern 
Asia. 

64. Tell about the products of Cochin-China, Anam, and 
Tongking; also about their commerce. 

65. What are the divisions of Siam? Locate them on your 
map. 

66. Tell about the drainage of Upper Siam. 

67. What are the leading products of Upper Siam ? 

68. Tell about the climate and rainfall of Upper Siam. 

69. Give five good sentences about Lower Siam. Locate it 
on your map. 

70. Give an account of Bangkok and locate it on your map. 

71. Describe the government of Siam. 

72. Give a full account of the exports of Siam. 

73. Locate Upper and Lower Burma on your map and tell 
about the surface and products of this province. 

74. Where are the Straits Settlements? 

75. Describe the surface of the Straits Settlements. 

76. Name the leading products of the Straits Settlements. 

77. Speak of the animals of the Straits Settlements. 

78. Give a full account of the climate and inhabitants of 
the Strait:^ Settlements. 

79. Locate Indo-China and the Malay Peninsula on your 
map. 

80. Tell about the climate and people of Indo-China and 
the Malay Peninsula. 

81. HoAV is travel carried on in Indo-China and the Malay 
Peninsula ? 

82. Tell about manufacturing and commerce of Indo-China 
and the Malay Peninsula. 

83. Give the location of China. 

84. What are the divisions of China ? Locate each on your 
map. 

85. What part of Asia does China occunv? 

86. Compare the area of China with other countries. 



94 GEOGRAPHY. 

87. Describe the surface features of the different parts of 
China. 

88. What are the three great rivers of China ? Describe each, 
that is, tell where they rise, which way they flow and where they 
empty. 

bd. Give something of importance about the Hoang-Ho, the 
Yangtse Kiang, and the Si-Kiang rivers. 

do. Speak: of the Hoang-Ho as ''China's sorrow." 

91. Speak of the value of tlie change in course of the 
Hoang-Ho. 

92. Why is Central China an important commercial tract of 
the Empire? 

93. Why is the Si-Kiang important to southern China? 

94. Tell about the monsoons and typhoons of China. 

95. Tell about the forests of southern China. 

96. Where is grazing the leading occupation of China? 

97. Tell about the deserts of Gobi, Tibet, and Chinese 
Turkestan. 

98. What can be said about the forests of the southern part? 

99. Tell about the population along the Hoang-Ho. 

100. Tell about the people of China under the following heads : 
old in culture, and social stability, old in arts of many kinds, best 
farmers and gardeners in the world. 

101. Tell about the fine bronzes, porcelains, and fine fabrics 
of the Chinese. 

102. Tell about the products of the Northern Central, and 
Southern parts of China. 

103. Give a full account of the different means of transporta- 
tion in China. 

104. Tell about the canals and railroads of China. 

105. Tell about the recent revolution and the new 'regime in 
China. 

106. Tell about the number and size of the islands which make 
Japan. 

107. Tell about the divisions of these islands into three groups. 

108. Give an account of the islands of Japan being volcanic. 

109. Name the six largest inlands of Japan. 

110. What is the area of Japan and with what one of our 
states does it compare? 

111. Give a full account of the climate of Japan. 

112. Tell about the forested mountain slopes of Japan. 

113. Tell about the rivers of Japan and their little deltas. 

114. Where are the areas of arable land in Japan? 



GEOGRAPHY. 95 

115. Give an account of the cultivation of rice in Japan. 

116. Give an account of how the fifty millions of people are 
supported on less than ten per cent of the area. 

117. Tell about the people of Japan being expert gardeners. 

118. Describe the people of Japan in general. 

119. Tell about the splendid culture of the Japanese. 

120. Tell about the bravery and efficiency of the Japanese in 
war. 

121. Tell about the rapid development of the Japanese in 
Western ways. 

122. Explain how the Japanese control the Pacific. 

123. Give an account of the means of transportation in Japan. 

124. What and where is Chosen (Korea) ? 

125. Give an idea of the size of Chosen. 

126. Tell about the coast line and the surface of Chosen. 

127. Name the leading products of Chosen. 

128. Give an account of transportation, agriculture, and edu- 
cation in Chosen. 

129. Xame, locate, and tell about the six leading cities of 
India. 

130. Give an account of the famous temples of India. 

131. Name, locate, and tell about the five leading cities of 
Japan. 

132. Name, locate, and tell about the chief cities of South- 
eastern Asia. 

QUESTIONS ON GEOGRAPHY— FIFTH MONTH- 
EIGHTH YEAR. 

1. Explain why Africa is called the plateau continent. 

2. Explain why the explorers in North America find it so 
easy to reach the interior of the continent, and those of Africa 
find it so difficult. 

3. Describe the Nile Eiver and give a good account of it. 

4. Describe the Kongo Eiver and give a good account of it. 

5. Describe the Niger and Orange rivers and tell about 
them. 

6. Locate on your map the Zambezi Eiver system. 

7. Tell about the rivers in general of Africa and why are 
they useless for navigation? 

8. Tell why the smoothe coast line is a disadvantage to 
Africa. 

9. Tell why Africa has no extensive cold deserts. 



96 GEOGRAPHY. 

10. Why does the Sahara extend entirely across the continent 
and why is it the largest desert in the world? 

11. What do the mountains have to do with Africa being a 
desert ? 

12. Explain why moisture is not brought to the Sahara by 
the winds. 

13. Explain why the Kalahari desert is limited to the west- 
ern part. 

14. Give an account of the Northeast Trade Winds, Dold- 
rums, and Southeast Trade Winds in relation to the rainfall of 
Africa. 

15. Where is the best place in Africa for the white people? 

16. Name the valuable forest trees and valuable products of 
Africa. 

17. Explain why the Nile valley has become the most densely 
populated region of the world with a rainfall as scant as the heart 
of the Sahara. 

18. Tell why the White Eace found a congenial home both 
in Northern and Southern Africa, but not in Central Africa. 

19. Tell why Africa is the only continent with temperate 
forests at both the northern and southern extremities. 

20. Why is Africa today the chief continent for big game ? 

21. Name ten wild animals of Africa. 

22. Locate regions of Africa which have railroads and give 
reasons. 

23. Give a full account of the Cape to Cairo railroad. 

24. Make a list of ten important products of Africa. 

25. Tell about the rubber industry of Africa. 

26. Tell about gold in Africa. 

27. From what part of x\frica is ivory produced and why 
from this region? 

28. Tell about cotton in Africa; also diamonds. 

29. Tell about coffee and palm oil in Africa. 

30. What about the tropical fruits of Africa? 

31. Tell about wheat in Africa. 

32. What is the density of population per square mile in 
Africa? In Europe? What accounts for the difference? 

33. Tell why Africa is governed by foreign nations more 
largely than the other large continent. 

34. Name the countries having possessions in Africa. 

35. Make a list of the countries of Africa that are owned or 
under the protection of European countries. Locate on your map. 



GEOGRAPHY. 97 

36. Make a list of ten important cities of Africa with the 
population of each in round numbers. 

37. Make a list of ten important cities of Europe with the 
population of each in round numbers. 

38. Compare the combined population of the ten important 
cities of Africa with the combined population of the ten important 
cities of Europe. 

39. il^^ame ten important cities of North America and give the 
population of each in round numbers. What is the combined pop- 
ulation of these cities? 

QUESTIONS ON GEOGRAPHY— SIXTH MONTH- 
EIGHTH YEAR. 

1. Compare the size of Australia with United States. 

2. What oceans surround Australia? 

3. How far is Australia from Asia? From the United 
States ? 

4. Tell about the coast line of Australia. 

5. What is Great Barrier Eeef? 

6. Give the latitude of Australia. 

7. Describe the climate and rainfall of Australia in the 
different parts. 

8. Where are the cultivated regions of Australia? 

9. Where are the grazing lands of Australia? 

10. Tell about the extreme interior of Asia. 

11. Tell about the curious trees of Africa with their vertical 
leaves. 

12. Tell about the native wild animals of Africa including 
the marsupials. 

13. Explain why the population of Australia is along the 
west, south, and southeastern coasts. 

14. Compare the population of Australia with that of the 
other continents. 

15. What one thing more than any thing else has aided in 
the development of agriculture? 

16. Where are the agriculture and grazing areas? 

17. Name the leading agricultural products. 

18. Tell about the sheep industry of Australia. 

19. Tell about the government of Australia. 

20. Make a table of the Islands of the Pacific: In column 
1, write name of island or island group ; in column 2, latitude ; in 
column 3, area ; in column 4, population ; in column 5, ownership. 



98 GEOGRAPHY. 

21. Write five or more statements based on a study of the 
table. 

32. What are the three islands of the New Zealand group ? 

23. Compare New Zealand with Colorado. 

24. Tell about the mountainous character of New Zealand, 
also about the climate. 

25. Tell about the ports of New Zealand. 

26. Tell about the influence of United States trade in 
New Zealand. 

27. Name, locate, and tell about the cities of New Zealand. 

28. Give a full description of the plants and animals of New 
Zealand. 

29. Where is Samoa? 

30. Tell about the volcanoes, earthquakes, rainfall, soil, and 
scenerv of New Zealand. 

31. Tell about Pango Pango. 

32. When did the United States gain control of Tutuila and 
of what value is it to us? 

33. When did the United States get control of the Hawaiian 
Islands? Locate them. 

34. How many of the Hawaiian Islands are inhabited? 

35. Tell about the surface, climate, and products of the 
Hawaiian Islands. 

36. Why are the Hawaiian Islands important to us? 

37. Tell about the capital of the Hawaiian Islands. 

38. Give the location and extent of the East Indies. 

39. Tell about the volcanic character of the East Indies. 

40. Tell about the steel slopes of the East Indies and their 
alluvial plains. 

41. Tell about the forests and the wealth of the animal life 
of the East Indies. 

42. Give an account of the people of the East Indies as a 
sea faring people. 

43. Tell about the gardens, orchards, rice, fruits, and spices 
of the East Indies. 

44. Give an account of Java as an example of Dutch colon- 
ization. 

45. How many islands in the Philippines? 

46. What is the area and population of the Philippines? 

47. Name the six largest islands of the Philippines. Give a 
short account of each. 

48. Describe the climate of the Philippines. 

49. Name valuable forest trees of the Philippines. 



GEOGRAPHY. 99 

50. What is the leading occupation of the Philippines and 
what are the leading products ? 

51. Give an account of the Spanish Kegime of the Philip- 
pines. 

52. Tell about the American Conquest; also give an account 
of the good work America is doing in the Philippines. 

53. Wh}^ are the Philippines an important possession of the 
United States? 

54. How are the Dutch East Indies ruled and what are the 
leading products of these islands? Locate them on your map. 

55. What island is the most important of the Dutch East 
Indies ? Wh}^ ? 

56. Speak of Java under the following heads: coast, surface, 
volcanoes, rivers, animals, and population. 

57. Locate Batavia and tell about it. 

58. What is the largest island of the Dutch East Indies? 
Locate it on your map. 

59. Speak of Borneo under the following heads: coast line, 
surface, animals, inhabitants, products, and natural resources. 

60. Give fifteen good sentences about Sumatra. Locate it 
on your map. 

61. Locate the Lesser Sunda Islands on your map. Tell 
about them. 

62. Locate Lombok — Ombay Group, Sumba, Timor, The 
Moluccas, Gilola, Buro, Ceram, and the Celebes. 

63. Give five good sentences about Lombok. 

64. For what two things are the inhabitants of Sumba 
noted? 

65. Give five good sentences about Timor. 

66. What is another name for the Moluccas and for what 
spices noted? 

67. Give two sentences about Gilolo and Buro. 

68. Tell about Ceram and the Celebes. 

69. Locate Manila and give a good account of it. 

70. Locate Iloila and tell about it. 

71. Locate Sarsogon and Cebu and tell about them. 

72. Where is Zamboanga and what can be said about it ? 

73. What region is embraced under the name of the Antarctic 
group ? 

74. What was proved by Tasman in 1642? 

75. Tell about the first and second voyage of Captain Cook. 

76. What can be said about Sir James Clark Eoss and Sir 
George Newnes? 

77. Tell about the expedition sent out in June 6, 1910. 



100 GEOGRAPHY. 

78. What about Scott in 1912? 

79. Tell aboot Dr. Fred A. Cook; also about Commander 
Peary. 

80. What about the future possibilities of the antarctic 
region ? 

QUESTIONS ON GEOGRAPHY— SEVENTH MONTH- 
EIGHTH YEAR. 

1. Speak of the spread of this great World War which 
really started from a purely local affair in Servia. 

2. Into what three groups can the influence of this great 
war be divided? 

3. Why can not things be viewed just now in their right 
perspective ? 

4. Speak of Eussia and her problem. 

5. Tell about the changed feeling between England and 
United States. 

6. Tell how United States, a nation of spendthrift and 
pleasure, suddenly turned to relieve a starving, persecuted nation — 
Belgium. 

7. Give an account of Germany in the war. 

8. Give the effects of the U-boats. 

9. When did the Great War begin? 

10. Name the Central Powers. 

11. Name the Neutral Countries. 

12. Name the Allies. 

13. What countries of North America are engaged? 

14. What countries of South America are engaged in the 
war? 

15. What countries of Europe are engaged in the war? 

16. What countries of Asia are engaged in the war? 

17. What countries of Africa and Australia are engaged in 
the war? 

18. Give a general comparison of the area and population of 
the Allies with the Central Powers. 

19. Show how the odds stand against Germany. 

20. Make a list of the countries and opposite each write the 
date of the declaration of war. 

21. Make a list of the countries and opposite each write the 
date of the severance of relations. 

22. Make a list of Germany's lost colonies. 

23. Be sure to give a full account of Germany's excuse for 
entering the war. 



GEOGRAPHY. 101 

24. Be sure that you db the work required in the "Note to 
Teachers^' in your geography. 

Note. — Tliis month's worh is very brief j therefore review it, 
and recite by the topic method. Use your maps freely. 

QUESTIONS ON GEOGRAPHY— EIGHTH MONTH- 
EIGHTH YEAR. 

1. What work is to be done during the eighth month? 

2. Why are the various countries of the world dependent 
upon each other? 

3. Tell how our products depend upon climate. 

4. Sum up the necessity for trade relations. 

5. Name fourteen of the principal products of the world's 
commerce. 

6. Why will wheat grow farther north than corn? 

7. Where are the principal regions for the growth of spring 
wheat ? 

8. Give the necessary conditions for a good wheat crop. 

9. Make a list of the leading wheat producing countries. 

10. Make a list of the countries that import wheat. 

11. What can be said about the enormous amount of rice 
used in the world? 

12. Tell how rice is grown; also describe the rice plant. 

13. What countries grow the most rice? 

14. Name the countries exporting rice. 

15. Why have the West Indies suffered much in regard to 
their cane sugar industry? 

16. Where is the manufacture of sugar and its by-products 
a leading industry? 

17. Name the leading countries and islands exporting sugar. 

18. Describe the sugar beet and tell about its growth. 

19. Tell about the banana industry. 

20. What are our leading meat packing cities and to where 
do they do most of their shipping? 

21. Name the countries which must import much leather 
and hides. 

22. Give an idea as to the amount of trade in cattle the 
United States carries on with her island possessions. 

23. Tell how the meat industry of our country has been 
greatly changed. 

24. Give an account of our leading meat packers. 



102 GEOGRAPHY. 

25. Tell about the exports of Australia in 1917 in regard 
to mutton, lamb, and wool. 

26. How much more wool was produced in United States in 
1917 than in 1916? 

27. Name our leading wool producing states. 

28. Tell about the cultivation of our cotton plant. 

29. Name the countries which raise and export great quan- 
tities of cotton. 

30. To what country was a great deal of our raw cotton ex- 
ported ? 

31. Where is one of our leading cotton mills located? 

32. Tell how much of our raw silk is produced. 

33. Name the leading countries which produce most of our 
raw silk. 

34. Tell about the importation of silk by the United States 
in 1914 and in 1917. 

35. From where does our finest silk come? 

36. Tell how the war has affected the silk industry of France. 

37. Why is the Orient especially adapted to the silk industry? 

38. Give an idea of the amount of rubber exported from the 
Philippines in 1916 and 1917. 

39. Give an idea of the American import trade on rubber. 

40. From what countries does most of our rubber come? 

41. Name the countries producing a great deal of coal. 

42. Give an idea of the amount of coal mined lately. 

43. Tell how iron from the United States has been a great 
export lately. 

44. Tell how the value in steel shares has increased. 

45. Tell how our two resources, iron and steel, may prove 
the deciding factors of the war. 

46. Name the leading countries which contain iron mines 
and steel works. 

47. Name the countries from which we obtain fine woods. 

48. Name the chief commercial nations of the world. 

49. Why are most of the commercial nations in Europe? 

50. What is the chief nation or world power? Give an idea 
of its greatness. 

51. Which is the second world power? The third? 

52. For what is United States especially noted? 

53. How does France rank in world power and what ad- 
vantage does she enjoy? 

54. Give a full account of Germany and the Netherlands or 
Holland. 



GEOGRAPHY. 103 

55. Name and locate the ten greatest seaports of the world. 

56. Tell about the chief trade routes of the various countries 
of the world. 

57. Be able to give at least ten of the most important routes 
of international trade with approximate distance and time required 
for passage. 

58. Give a full account of the cable routes with the names of 
the chief private companies. 

59. Where are the communications of the Anglo-American 
Telegraph Company? -The Commercial Cables Company? The 
Western Union Company? The Direct United Cables Company? 
The French Company? 

60. Give an idea of the number of submarine cables ow^ned 
by different companies. 

61. What are the advantages of the submarine cable? 

62. Do the ''Suggestive Exercise" work required in your 
geography. It will greatly benefit you. 

63. For one day^s lesson take the great Cities and Metropolises 
of Great Britain, United States, and France. Locate each and be 
able to give at least one important fact about each. 

64. For one day^s lesson take the gre.at cities of Germany, The 
Netherlands, Spain, and Portugal. Locate each and be able to give 
at least one important fact about each. 

65. For one day's lesson take the great cities of Denmark, 
Austria, Switzerland, Italy, Turkey, Greece, Norway and Sweden. 
Locate each and be able to give at least one important fact about 
each. 

66. For one day's lesson take the great cities of Russia, and 
Asia. Locate each and be able to give at least one important fact 
about each. 

67. For one day's lesson take the great cities of Africa, Aus- 
tralia, and the Island Groups. Locate each and be able to give 
at least one important fact about each. 

68. For one day's lesson take the great cities of Canada, Mex- 
ico, and Central America, also the great cities of South America. 
Locate each and be able to give at least one important fact about 
each. 

69. Note what the Illinois State Course of Study says about 
"The Study of the World through Journeys." 



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